Psychology as- Birth Order Essay

1308 Words6 Pages
DOES BIRTH ORDER HAVE AN EFFECT ON US? Psychology induction assignment – by Alex Ronan AIM: The aim of this investigation is to find out what effects being the first, middle, last-born and only child of the family have on us and linking the findings back to the research of Alfred Adler. SUMMARY OF ALFRED ADLER'S WORK: Alfred Adler was one of the first theorists to suggest that birth order influences personality. He believed that factors such as the spacing between ages of siblings, the number of siblings and the parental circumstances all play a part in the effects that birth order has on us. He believed that first-born children were serious, goal-orientated and responsible, and often learnt the concept of power at a young age. However, he also noted that the first-born may feel as though he/she has been replaced, as attention may deter from the first-born to other siblings. Adler described this as being 'dethroned'. He added that most first-borns are athletic and good looking, although pressured to succeed. First-borns are often idolized by their younger siblings, despite rivalry which may arise. Adler also presented the view that middle-born children were the diverse ones. They had several personalities, the main two being insecure or timid, and laid-back or easy-going. Middle-born children are often made to feel insecure, as the fight for attention may set them back behind the first-borns, causing them to lack the drive and motivation to do certain things. Middle-borns often look for direction in their older siblings, as a way of feeling included. Middle-born children were also thought by Adler to be natural mediators, with a laid back, easily sociable approach to situations. Youngest children are viewed as the entertainer of the family, often attempting to push their luck and rebel. Some youngest children are 'babied' or 'pampered' by

More about Psychology as- Birth Order Essay

Open Document