Psychology Are Us Essay

11091 Words45 Pages
Ch 7. Social Welfare History in the U.S. Promise Reality Democracy and equality Denied voting rights to most (only property owning, white men could vote Human Rights/civil rights Slavery, massacre of American Indians, Trail Of Tears, lack of rights for most everyone (except propertied, white men) Workers could not organize until 1930s Right to free speech Compare Rupert Murdoch to the street Demonstrator Though one rather limited tradition defines welfare as primarily concerned with the poor---this view is based on a misconception British Influence Mid-1600 5 policy traditions informed U. S. Social welfare 1. Calvinism—predestination * Focus on the individual’s fate of being or not being “Chosen” * Stressed work as a divine vocation (if you work hard and prosper, you were destined rich and that came to be taken as a sigh of being chosen * If you were poor and suffered—poverty signified that you were a moral failure 2. Church of England—localism * Local churches cared for the poor * Parishes acquired great importance—tried to make sure only the poor from its parish were cared for by the local parish church * US Colonies secularized admin. tradition so that local gov’t only were responsible for its own * Efforts to prove you were from local area were the responsibility of the individual 3. Control of the Mobility of the Labor Force (the poor could get relief only in own parish—and they had to accept whatever job at whatever pay that was available in that place) * Limiting the mobility of workers a. Prevented workers from undercutting employers by going to other parishes for higher wages b. Kept taxes down English Law of Settlement (1662) loosened this rule, but still retained provision authorizing local authority to expel pauper within 40 days of
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