t identifies two groups that are similar and comparisons are made- it seeks to discover cause and effect, avoids artificiality, can be used to study past events, no ethical problems . If studying labelling in schools which is a social process of teachers attaching positive or negative labels to students and students also doing this to teachers, this is best understood in the context of social interaction in the classroom. This would eliminate lab experimentation and would be favoured by interactionists using a field experiment approach. Main ideas concepts Some researchers have used laboratory experiments-Harvey and Stains, they looked at whether teachers had preconceived ideas about pupils of different social classes. The study indicated labelling goes on and that the labels are used to pre-judge pupils potential.
The teacher was told that the object of the experiment was to study the effects of punishment on learning. They are also told that their role in the experiment was to read word lists to the learner and the learner must remember the second word from a list of word pairs they had read earlier. If the learner got the answer wrong, then the teacher was told to administer shocks, for each answer that the learner got wrong, and the shocks had to increase in intensity. The teacher is unaware of the fact that the learner is actually an actor, and receives no shock. The experiments, involving the Undergrad students from Yale, resulted in 60
Affection needs which include, nurturance: taking care of others, play: having fun, the major differences between these two types of need is one is needed for survival and the other is needed for health mental growth. 2. What is the relationship between arousal and behavior? Does this relationship impact performance and affect? When you talk about arousal its description is the energy that is produced from the interaction that occurs between external and internal on one side and ones psychological needs and physiological needs on the other side.
There is also something called the difference threshold which is the amount of change needed for us to recognize that a change has occurred. Perception is the understanding of what we take in through our senses. It’s the way we perceive things in the environment. It’s what makes us difference from each other. The process of selecting, organizing and interpreting the information brought to the brain by the senses.
Additionally, it is important to note the major ideas of the sensory integration theory: “1. Learning is dependent on the ability to take in a process sensation from movement and the environment and use it to plan and organize behavior. 2. Individuals who have a decreased ability to process sensation also may have difficulty producing appropriate actions, which, in turn, may interfere with learning and behavior. 3.
Peggy Orenstein proved this in her essay, "Learning Silence: Scenes from the Class Struggle," in which she did field research in junior high schools interviewing and observing the interaction of teachers to their students. I think the reason teachers unknowingly give more attention to a particular gender is because of the way that the teachers were brought up to think. The roles of each gender have already been laid out and embedded in the minds of the teachers from their own teachers and parents while growing up. I think that teachers have many preconceived notions of the gender relations of their students. The teachers unknowing pass the ideas that they learned as a child onto their students, who also do not realize that it is being done to them.
Explain. c) Using information processing theory as a basis, predict which student will earn a higher mark on the test. Explain. 4. An educational psychology lecturer often makes comments in class like, “Whenever I read something new, I always ask myself, ‘How does this relate to what I’ve been studying?
Attribution is the process by which we suggest reasons for our own or another’s behaviour. Attribution Theory provides suggestions for how and why we make such attributions about our own and others’ behaviour. It is a cognitive theory because it is the way we process information about ourselves and others. There are two theories of attribution – Heider’s Naive Psychology and Jones and Davis’ Correspondent Inference Theory. Heider’s theory suggests two causes of attribution – internal and external.
The diversity in psychology can influences major concepts to human behavior. The ability within psychology can circumscribe individuals because of the diverse nature. Influence of Diversity and Major Concepts Diversity has an impact on
Abstract Forming impressions of people can be biased from order effects. Those motivated to think are less susceptible to primacy effects compared to those low in motivation to think. Presented study revealed a reduced primacy effect amongst those who are motivated to think. Teachers and assessors alike, where marking exams are part of work life, should be aware of any bias impressions that can be formed of their students during exam marking. As Rosenthal & Jacobson’s (1968) famous classroom study revealed, teachers impressions of their students can affect the level of encouragement they give.