Psychology Essay

854 WordsJul 31, 20144 Pages
Gestalt Psychology Reflection Jill England PSY/310 July 21, 2013 Ann Becher-Ingwalson Gestalt Psychology Reflection Gestalt psychology is an approach focusing on organization of perception and thinking in a sense of wholeness, rather than individual elements of perception. This focuses on the importance of studying any phenomenon in the entire overall form. This approach can be applied to everything, whether it is objects, ideas, thinking processes, or human relationships ("Gestalt Psychology Definition", 2014). Wolfgang Kohler, Max Wertheimer, and Kurt Koffka are the three German psychologists referred to as the founders of Gestalt psychology as each individual contributed significant work in the field. Main Influences and Their Contributions Wolfgang Kohler mainly influenced the founding of the school of Gestalt psychology by his writings. Kohler focused on that an individual must look at the whole to help in discovering what the natural parts are without proceeding from the smaller elements into wholes. He introduced insight learning. He stressed learning could occur by sudden comprehension and was not always by gradual understanding (Theories of Learning in Educational Psychology, n.d.). Max Wertheimer focused on an individual’s thinking starting from the whole and then going to the parts. For example, when an individual treats a problem, it begins as a whole and then the parts take direction from the whole. Wertheimer had an interest in problem-solving. He introduced productive thinking process, which meant sincere thinking started with a problem. In the resolution of a problem, a bad gestalt goes to a better one (Theories of Learning in Educational Psychology, n.d.). Kurt Koffka stood behind the idea that animals participate in the learning process. He stressed there is no such thing as complete meaningless learning (Theories of Learning in

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