Psychology Essay

1876 WordsJun 11, 20148 Pages
In this essay, I will be exploring the ways by which behaviourism differs from cognitive psychology and also the similarities between them. Behaviourism emphasises on the study of learning instead of other aspects of psychology and also they have a belief that behaviour can be measured and the restricted its subject matter to study of human and non - human behaviour. They believe that relevant learning experiences need to be provided if one wants to change someone’s behaviour. By this they mean reinforcement of observable behaviour. Cognitive psychology emerged because of dissatisfaction with behaviourist approach to learning. Their main interest is mental processes and the human mind. They disagree with behaviourist belief that behaviour can be measured. Early psychologists such as Wundt argued that it would be very hard to understand cognitive abilities like learning a new language, storing information and the processes involved in solving problems from the emphasis behaviourist placed on observable behaviour because to them, measuring visible behaviour is not enough to understand the internal mental processes that create behaviour. In making various assumptions, behaviourism developed a system based on positive assumptions, and one of these assumptions states that behaviour is determined by environmental factors rather than by heredity. Watson claimed that inheritance of capacity, talent, temperament or characteristics does not exist and that such things depended on training that was presented in childhood. Using children as a case study, he claimed that they learn behaviours by association, by copying what others around them do example parents or role models and are most likely to acquire behaviour from the people they admire or look up to (observational learning) but Cognitive psychologists disagree on that assumption and their cognitive psychology

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