Psychological Trait Theory

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Running head: Psychological Trait Theory Psychological Trait Theory Alyssa Recinos Abstract Psychological trait theorists focus on how characteristics of different individuals interact with their environments, social or otherwise to produce violent events or outcomes. Instead of studying biological factors of crime like how a person interacted with their surroundings in their early developmental stage, they look at the mental processes and look for the association between intelligence, personality, how they learn, and aggressive criminal behavior. Psychological Trait Theory The psychological Trait theory is the second branch of trait theories. It “focuses on the psychological aspects of crime, including the associations among intelligence, personality, learning, and criminal behavior” (Page 119, Criminology The Core). There have been several sociological and criminological theories that stress that most violent criminals are impulsive and have a lack of empathy for others. Within Psychological there are several sub theories such as Behavioral Theories, Personality Theories, and Cognitive Theories just to name a few. In Volume 5, Chapter 2 of Review of the Roots of Youth Violence, it states that Sigmund Freud “thought that human behavior, including violent behavior, was the product of “unconscious” forces operating within a person’s mind. Freud also felt that early childhood experiences had a profound impact on adolescent and adult behavior” A lot of Freud’s research is what a lot of the ideas and theories we know today are based off of. Behavioral Theories Behaviorist John Watson once said "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might
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