Psychological Perspectives-Psychodynamic Perspective, Biological Perspective, Cognitive Perspective

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Unit 8: Working Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care Task 1 Explain the different psychological perspectives in psychology (P1). In this unit I will be explaining the psychological perspectives in psychology. The Cognitive Approach This perspective which was found by a man called Jean Piaget (1896- 1980). He was a Swiss psychologist who showed a major interest on children and their intelligence. This approach is about understanding processes like memory and attention. He noticed that children of the same age would make the same mistakes. Piaget’s theory goes through four stages. The first stage is the sensori-motor pre-operational stage, when children are able to experience through immediate perceptions only from birth to two years. E.g. the children begin to explore the world, through their senses and through movement. The second stage is called pre-operational stage, at this stage children start to develop their thoughts, memory, and language skills. During this stage the child is egocentric using other words children can only see the world in their own way and they are unable to conserve. For example if you take a toy from the child the child will think that the toy no longer exists especially if you distract the child meaning that at this stage children has a lack of concept of object permanence. The third stage is the concrete operational stage. At this point children are able to conserve, however they can’t abstract complex problems. For example children can now sort things into order of size and they can also classify things in terms of their similarities and differences, e.g. big red bricks, small red bricks, big and small blue bricks. The last stage which is the fourth and is called the formal operational the child now at this stage can think for themselves and abstract problems. Piaget came to the
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