Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care

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P1-Explain the principal psychological perspectives In this assignment I will be explaining the psychological perspectives and outline the main points and will talk about all the conditioning such as operant conditioning and classical conditioning. I will describe the learning theories used by the physiologists to outline the behaviouristic approach, psychodynamic approach, humanistic approach and biological approach. Behaviourist psychologist Pavlov (classical conditioning) and Skinner (operant conditioning) are the main two thinkers which are related to this type of perspective. We can understand the behaviour an individual has learnt by just looking at them. Human behaviour is the result of experience. For example an individual who has been brought up in an environment in which people are caring this will have an effect on the person’s behaviour as they will learn to help others. However an individual who has been brought up in an environment in which people don’t care about others emotions, it will encourage the individual to treat others unfairly as they will think it’s ok because they have been brought up this way. Stretch, B and Whitehouse, M (2010) Classical conditioning Classical conditioning is a theory which was developed by Ivan Pavlov which was a Russian physiologist. Pavlov designed an investigation which was tested on dogs to investigate their digestive system. Pavlov monitored their digestive system by attaching the dogs to a harness this monitored their stomach and mouth which could measure the production of saliva. Pavlov discovered in his experiment that the dogs salivate when an assistant walks in with a bowl of food therefore without tasted the food when they look at it they begin to salivate. Food led to response of salivation, Pavlov discovered that salvation is automatic therefore it’s not learned he named this response as

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