Psychological Perspectives Essay

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Psychological Perspectives A perspective is the way we look at things, it involves assumptions about human behaviour; the way they function, which aspects of them are worthy of study and what research methods are appropriate for undertaking this study. There may be several different theories within the perspectives. Every perspective has its strengths and weaknesses, and brings something different to our understanding of human behaviour. The main perspectives that I will discuss are: the behaviourist perspective, the sociocultural perspective, the psychodynamic perspective, the humanistic perspective, the cognitive perspective and the biological perspective. The biological perspective approach believes that most of our behaviour is inherited and has an adaptive function and that our biology makes us who we are. The first basic tenet of the biological perspective is that all behaviour has a physiological root, and is determined by biology. The second tenet is that a lot of human behaviour patterns are based on genetics because humans have evolved over long periods of time to exhibit behaviour that is adapted to the external environment. Maturation is the innate drive within all organisms to mature to various stages through life. This means having the ability to respond to the environment in an appropriate manner. Every individual inherits a genetic structure from our parents and this determines a great deal about us. Arnold Gesell was one of the first psychologists to systematically describe children’s achievement in terms of physical and psychological development. Gesell developed some of the first milestones that children should meet. This was the beginning of the idea that child development happens in stages. The Gesell development schedule was able to compare a child’s development to the standard norm. The norm was established through extensive studies of

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