With increasing health care and financial needs, and the changes in family and peer relationships, older adults have a difficult time with their self-esteem and acceptng their life in this final stage. There is hope, however, for the people in late adulthood. If they continue to remain active in social, political, and occupational settings, the will keep their sense and role in society. * * Social and Role changes * In the United States, there are negative views about growing older. “However, people in many other parts of the world think and feel positively about aging and assign a positive value and meaningful role to the aging members of their communities” (Williford, 1998, p.4).
Age In Place: Advantages and Challenges Introduction As people age, they will experience several changes: reduced vision, decreased mobility, reduced mental processing capabilities, increased risk of falls due to balance, and increased risk of illness (Hager, n.d.). People’s quality of lives and independence will be impacted by these changes. Therefore, research has focused on how to age without losing independence and quality of lives has been asked by a lot of people. Aging in place is defined as “the ability to live in one’s own home and community safely, independently, and comfortably, regardless of age, income, or ability level” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d.). According to the definition, aging in place does not only describe that a person can live in a residence of his/her choice, but also the person are able to have services or support they might need as their needs change over time as well as to maintain their quality of life.
This is the stage which is called the end of life stage. Some people at this stage may not be able to talk. Some old people give up on life at this stage because they be highly dependent on others, they be stuck in a care home, their family probably rarely comes to see them and they be in a lot of pain. Attitudes Once you turn older your attitude changes. It changes towards your life, your family and towards the society.
Some of the issues that surround this are; getting around, money, different personalities, hearing/vision, technology, mobility, dementia, illness, physical changes, death of friends/family and accessible family. Cummings argued that older people would experience a reduction in social contact as they grew older and become ‘individual’ and less concerned about the expectations of others. He argued that it was appropriate and healthy for older people to withdraw from others. He said disengagement was a natural part of ageing. The theory of disengagement was widely accepted, for example Bromley in 1974 argued that although some individual fight the process all the way, disengagement to some degree is bound to happen because old people have neither the physical nor mental resources they had when they was young.
What we define as being disengaged may, from the point of view of the elderly, be very engaged are spending time with grandchildren, travelling, volunteering, or even playing bingo passive and empty ways to spend time, or ways of engaging with others around common activities. This can lead to negative emotional development as a senior may feel that they are no longer have any value to roles in society because gradually, the power of older people will decrease and will be overtaken by the younger generation, which can lead to depression and isolation. Activity Theory Another theory proposed by Lemon, Bengston and Peterson in 1972 which has a more optimistic view of Ageing. It
Dementia is most commonly associated with the elderly, therefore a younger person may find it more difficult to access help and advice as it is less common in younger people. They may still be working at the time of diagnosis, have financial commitments, dependant children to look after and it may have a greater impact on their social life. The younger you are the more likely you are to get an early diagnosis, meaning the individual might have a greater understanding of how dementia will affect them compared to an older person with dementia. Being diagnosed as an elderly person is different because they tend to not have as many commitments and may find it
Success or failure can make a whole lot of difference in further social development, as will the choice of career and potential success or failure within it. Promotion, being fired or leaving work to retire will all have some sort of effect on an individual. Mid-Life Transition The Midlife transition is a point in an adults life, usually somewhere between the ages of 40 to 55, when an adult suddenly stops, looks back and takes stock of their life. At times, this can be a good thing, leading into a wiser attitude. Occasionally, however, this transition develops into what is known as a mid-life crisis.
Spirituality plays an important role in the emotional health of many elderly individuals. Through spirituality one can gain release from anxieties over money and health. It can also help an individual face loneliness and depression that can occur in older age. Spirituality should be separated as a concept from organized religion. Spiritual can mean any personal belief in a higher power.
According to continence nurses, as many as 70% of people with incontinence are affected by depressive illnesses. It is vital that people who are incontinent are given every opportunity to regain their continence. Individuals may avoid getting treatment for incontinence because they are too embarrassed to discuss their problem. It can severely restrict their social life and contact with others. Having had an embarrassing, humiliating experience of an ‘accident’ in public they live in constant fear of it happening again.
In the case of Kate she is withdrawn from using health care services because of the low self-esteem. She feels like she will be judged or looked down on because of her condition. By Kate not getting the care/ attention she is putting herself in danger. There are many other repercussions of low self-esteem such as self-hate. Self-hate is a very concerning matter and can lead people similar to Kate to become