Psychodynamics Vs Behaviourism

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Behaviorism vs. Psycho-analysis Abstract The most common definition of psychology is the study of mental processes, human behavior, and how they affect an individual’s physical state, mental state, and external environment. The most comprehensive theory developed to explain the given definition of psychology is psychodynamics, a theory of how thoughts and feelings affect our actions. Watson’s failure to focus on the unseen phenomena that is the subconscious and the conscious is what leads to the inevitable fading of his theory among psychologists. This paper argues against Watson’s claims, and for the Psychodynamic theory. “Psychology as the behaviourist views it is a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behaviour.” (Watson, 1913, p.158) Watson suggested the elimination of states of consciousness as proper objects of investigation to allow psychology to conform to his ideal definition of science, which is strictly empirical. Watson limits psychology to objective experimental means to explain, predict and control behaviour, which in itself is a result either directly or indirectly of mental processing. The psychological definition of behaviour is; an aggregate of the reactions, responses and/or movements made by an organism in any given situation. Superficially this may seem to agree with Watson’s claims, however to refute the existence of the mind and mental processes as you will see, is to remove all chances of ever explaining the true origin of human behaviour. Science comes from the Latin word Scientia which means knowledge, so is the goal of knowledge to predict and control? Quite simply the answer is no. The goal of knowledge is to assist in the understanding of the phenomena around us whether observable or not to enable us to manipulate them accordingly in order
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