Psychodynamic and Cognitive-Behavioural Approach.

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Psychodynamic and Cognitive-Behavioural approach. In this assignment I will be comparing and contrasting how the psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioural approaches to counselling understand the person, and how these two approaches explain psychological distress experienced by individuals. I am going to start by describing the key concepts of each approach and then outlining the similarities and differences. Psychodynamic approach The main purpose of the dynamic approach is to explain behaviour in terms of its dynamics. i.e. The forces that drive it and make us act the way we do. This method has made important contributions to counseling as a whole as a lot of therapists and counsellors, even if they follow different psychological theories, have been influenced by it. This approach has emerged from psychoanalysis whose founder is Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). Freud assumed that our behavior is caused by unconscious thoughts, our desires and impulses which is also how human behaviour is explained in the psychodynamic approach. Psychodynamic approach concentrates on many different factors that may have caused psychological distress, such as childhood experiences, our current and past relationships and exploring the things we do without even being aware of it. Another very important and powerful tool is to use this therapy to interpret the transference relationship. The psychodynamic counselling sessions are more dynamic as the therapist is trying to help the patient in fewer sessions possible comparing to psychoanalysis. This is why the counselor usually presents himself as a ‘blank screen’ and lets the client act out and projects his feelings on to the therapist. This is especially to do with one of the Freudian theories that human mind is capable of repressing unpleasant memories or socially unacceptable thoughts with so called ‘defense mechanisms ‘. He
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