Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality

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Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality According to Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality, a person’s personality is composed of three key elements. These three elements of personality are known as the id, the ego, and the superego. These three elements work to create the complex human behaviors we all deal with every day. In this paper, I am going to describe these elements and how they relate to the psychoanalytic approach to personality. Id- The Id is the only element of personality that is present from birth. The Id is the personality component that is made up of the unconscious psychic energy that works to satisfy our basic urges, needs, and wants. According to Freud, the id is the source of all psychic energy, making it the primary component of personality. The id operates on what is called the pleasure principle, which demands that we have immediate gratification of our wants, needs, and desires. If these needs are not satisfied right away, then the result is a state of tension and anxiety. In reality, immediately satisfying our needs or wants is not even possible. If we were ruled by the pleasure principle, we would find ourselves doing things we might not normally do just to satisfy our own wants which could be disruptive and unacceptable. In Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality, the primary process works to resolve the tension that is created by the pleasure principle. The primary process acts as the id’s defense mechanism discharging any tension created by the pleasure principle. Rather than us act on unacceptable urges, the id forms a mental image of a desired object to take the place of an urge in order to reduce tension and anxiety. Ego-
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