He believed that career decision reflects personality. Interesting, isn’t it? Therefore, what motivates us can be easily understood through the Freud’s concept of "unconscious motivation”, one of his main contributions to psychology. According to Freud, the unconscious mind contains ideas, thoughts and feelings, which cannot be brought to awareness by ordinary means but influences conscious thoughts and the actions of an individual. Freud identified conscious, subconscious and unconscious as three separate states of mind.
Sigmund Freud is recognised as being one of the great forefathers of modern day psychology. He wrote at a time when society was much more inhibited than it is today, perhaps his views and theories are representative of the socio historical context in which he wrote and conducted his enquires? His theories have done much to develop our understandings of the psyche. Freud’s theory of psycho sexual development is a bio social theory, one that explains the Biological (instinctual) and the Social (Socialization). We live in a world that is in many ways characterised by restraint, conformity and inhibition, Some of Freud’s main works contribute to our understanding of our relationships toward this social world.
This is the contradicting of Jung. Jung has analysis himself to experience the unconscious through his dreams and fantasia Jung believe that he was strong enough to make dangerous journey and come back to talk about it. His goal was to understand the unconscious from the purpose viewpoint of scientist. Ellis thoughts are that society is more disturbs and it more inclusive and exact “people disturb themselves by thing that have happen to them. And by the view, feelings, and actions” (p16) Horney’s (1950) also Adler writes that our Emotional reactions and lifestyle are associated with our basic beliefs and are therefore cognitively created.
This paper focuses on Freud's revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis and whether psychoanalysis should be considered a "great" idea in personality. The fundamental principles of the theory are developed and explained. In addition, the views of experts are reviewed, and many of the criticisms and strengths of various aspects of Freud's theory are examined and explained. Upon consideration, the author considers psychoanalysis to be a valuable theory despite its weaknesses because it is comprehensive, serendipitous, innovative, and has withstood the test of time. Consequently, the author contends that psychoanalysis is indeed a "great" idea in personality.
“every dream turns out to be a meaningful psychical construct that should be allotted a specific place in the mental whirl of waking life.” (p.11) S. Freud (1899). Whilst Freud’s work relies heavily on the emotional and conscious/ unconscious thoughts of people, Erving Goffmans work ‘The Presentation of the Self in Everyday Life’ focuses on the individual’s social context. Freud’s work is much more closely related to Psychology whereas Goffman decribes his work as “I mean this report to serve as a sort of handbook detailing one sociological perspective from which social life can be studied…”,”(Preface) E. Goffman (1959) Goffman’s work is linked with psychology but sociology is the dominant
The question as to who is bigger and who can do or not do this or that, and to whom-these questions fill the adult’s inner life far beyond the necessities and the desirability’s which he understands and for which he plans-Erik Erikson(1950). Defense of Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Like Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that every individual is born with basic instincts and that development occurs in stages. These stages are influenced through maturation and growth both physically and psychologically. Erikson believed in the Id, ego and superego. He differed with Freud that social and cultural influences have an important role in molding human development, rather than sexual urges and pleasure He believed that humans are rational and their feelings, thoughts and actions are mostly controlled by the ego.
Later on, Jung himself describes having two opposing personalities as well. Carl Jung’s experiences throughout his life most certainly lead to the development of many of his major theories, such as the collective unconscious, archetypes and synchronicity. Jung discussed the psyche and how both repressed experiences as well as a collection of experiences from our ancestors can motivate the individual. For the rest of Jung’s
Sigmund Freud was one of the most powerful intellectuals of his time. He was the tower of strength in which psychoanalysis was created, with his brilliant thoughts and researches he cultivated theories and teachings that is the groundwork for several school of thoughts for psychology. Freud’s theoretical positions incorporate the ideas of repression, the unconscious, and the infantile sexuality. These three groups offered an explanation for the formation of the mind and also suggestions for the perceptive of psychological development of an individual. According to the author, “Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality, the unconscious mind is a reservoir of feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories that outside of our conscious awareness most of the contents of the unconscious are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict”.
He assumed that if the unconscious behaviour was brought to awareness the abnormal behaviour would disappear. Thirdly, that there are three component to personality, the ego, the id and the superego. The id is present at birth and represents a persons instincts and basic drives related to sex and aggression. Later in life we develop a superego, which consists of morals and culture, this is our conscience. These two conflicting components are controlled by the ego.
He viewed the psychological world as a series of tensions between selfishness and society that strived for relief. He believed these underlying tensions were sexual in nature and developed different stages for them. The first stage is the oral stage which is developed before the age of 1, in which infants are driven to satisfy their drives of hunger and thirst. The second stage is the anal