Psychoanalysis Essay

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Briefly describe the key concepts. Psychoanalytic theory suggests that adult behaviour largely depends on psychosexual development at an early age. Sigmund Freud believed that a fixation on certain things at an infantile age affects behavior at a later stage. The theory is made up of a few fundamental concepts. One of the first key concepts of psychoanalysis dictates that human nature is deemed to be deterministic. It says the way humans behave and interact in the world is preordained by forces that are irrational (Corey, 2009). These forces are generally motivated by the unconscious. Psychosexual events that occur during the initial 5 years of a person's life become instinctual and are central to this theory. It also postulates that both sexual desire and death instincts manipulate one's behaviour. The structure of personality is another key concept of psychoanalysis. According to Freud, the personality is divided into three systems. The first system is the id. This is innate and biological. It is the original system of a person's personality and is present at birth. The id is governed by the pleasure principle which is reducing tension, avoiding pain and gaining pleasure (Mcleod, 1998). Id is stored in the unconscious and not in the awareness. The second system of personality is the ego. This is the regulatory aspect of personality. It mediates between the impulses of the id and the immediate surrounding environment. Governed by the reality principle, the ego thinks realistically and logically. The third and final system of human personality is the superego. This is a person's ethical code that differentiates right from wrong and good from bad. It is ruled by the judicial principle (Mcleod, 1998). The concept of the unconscious mind is critical to Freud's psychoanalysis. The unconscious mind consists of stored up experiences, memories, and

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