Psychoanalysis Essay

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1. Briefly describe the key concepts. As stated evidently by Miller (2002, p.134) psychoanalysis believed that the impact of early childhood sexuality and experiences that are stored in the unconscious can lead to the development of his/her emotions during adult stage. One of the concepts that were developed by Sigmund Freud according to McLeod (2008, as cited in Freud 1905) is that psychological development in childhood takes place in a series of fixed stages. These are called psychosexual stages. He believed that life was built around tension and pleasure. He also stressed on the first five years of a child’s life is crucial to the formation of the adult personality. How we behave today is the result of what happened during the ages between one and five years old. Freud claimed that during the age of one to five, our lives are generally controlled solely by id followed by ego and superego in the later stages of our life. Ivey (1996) has described that “It may be noted that the id is almost totally unconscious and may be either playful and creative or destructive” (p. 214). The id is generally innate and regarded as the unconscious element in humans and said to be in conflict with the ego and the superego. Ivey and Simek-Morgan (1997) also mentioned that the ego serves as a mediator between the superego and id. Unlike the id, the ego usually operates at conscious level. The ego is the component that is responsible in dealing with reality. The ego ensures that the id is guarded from any impulsive actions and to be expressed in a manner that is acceptable in the real world. From an article by Cherry (2010) the superego is the aspect of personality that holds all of our moral standards and values that we learned from our parents and society, in other words the sense of right and wrong. According to Freud, the

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