Psych Study Guide Essay

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Introduction to Psychology 0010 Study Guide for Exam 3 Chapter 12: Personality Personality – an individual’s characteristic style of behaving, thinking, and feeling Personality differences – personality ranges depending on prior events that have occurred and anticipated events - Different contstruals Measure personality: Self-report – series of answers to a questionnaire that asks people to indicate the extent to which sets of statements or adjectives accurately describe their own behavior or mental state Actuarial methods – (MMPI-2) well-researched clinical questionnaire used to assess personality and psychological problems - Projective techniques – a standard series of ambiguous stimuli designed to elicit unique responses that reveal inner aspects of an individual’s personality - Rorschach Inkblot Test – different interpretations of what the “picture-blots” look like help analyze a person’s true inner feelings and personality structure - Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT) – people make up stories based on ambiguous pictures of people and their underlying motives, concerns, and the way they see the social world are analyzed Objective ways to measure personality and findings: - Electronically Activated Recorded (EAR) – takes small snippets of sound throughout the day to create a diary of conversation and social interaction Trait Approach – Indentifying patterns of behavior; characterizing differences of individuals using traits Trait – a relatively stable disposition to behave in a particular and consistent way; essentially born with characteristics State – states are transitory – they depend on the environment you are in, outside influences and the way you react is your state Trait explanations for behavior: projective tests show guiding motivation; pre-existing disposition causes behavior The Big Five: Openness to experience –
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