Psych Essay

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Hedy Ludwig IB Psych Sport psychology is a popular branch of psychology that helps psychologists have an understanding of a person’s goals, motivation, and regulation of anxiety when performing. A person can have three types of goals including, outcome goals, performance goals, and process goals that if used correctly produces better performance. Motivation is the direction and intensity of one’s effort in a sport. The final component of sports psychology is anxiety, which is negatively interpreted arousal experience. These three components can be shown through the coaching techniques of Haverford track coach Tom Donnelly. As previously mentioned, the three parts of goal setting are outcome, performance, and process goals. Outcome goals focus on the competitive result of the game. This is the hardest to achieve because the results do not rely on just one person. Performance goals deal with achieving objectives independent of other competitors. Process goals focus on the actions one person must do to be successful and improve their performance. In 1994, Weinberg et al carried out a study on lacrosse players. The kids were rated based on ability and then randomly assigned to groups. The control group set short and long term goals. The players received weekly feedback and by the end of the season the team had increased their scoring performance. It is common among coaches to have their players set goals for themselves. For example, Coach Donnelly “has his runners write down their goals and then, at a meeting, discuss them with him. His goal is make sure that the athletes are not overselling or, as the case more often is, underselling themselves” ( Donnelly does this to ensure his players will improve throughout the season, which is the main idea of goal setting. Motivation is the reason an athlete plays his or her sport. The two

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