For example, one psychologist may use descriptive psychopathology to which will strive to provide answers for symptoms or mental illness. Either way, psychopathology is formally used to study mental illness or the distresses which may be affecting an individual. The issues of the abnormal psychology will assist in the study by the way we would use it in the attempt to capture interest, trigger concerns, and demands our attention. It also brings us to form and ask certain questions pertaining to any study. Psychopathology is not the same as psychopathy, which has to do with antisocial
Ever since our species first stood upright and gained cognitive skills we have sought the meaning of life and to understand our own self better. Whenever mankind is presented with a behavioral pattern that is different or varies from the normal thought pattern then we seek information in an attempt to explain and understand the behavior. Thus, psychology has been evolving since the beginning of time and while many of the first writings during the Greek ages are suggestive of the transition between philosophies into psychology, it began much
Sigmund Freud was the ﬁrst to challenge the view that mental disorders were caused by physical illness and proposed that psychological factors were responsible for the illness. The psychodynamic approach highlights the importance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences. Psychodynamic psychologist’s attempt to deal with the mental health issues of their patients by incorporating these ideas and creating therapies using these ideas. The basic concept behind psychoanalysis is that a patient that suffers from mental health problems such as depression can address any regressed feelings thus, the patient gains insight of and can learn to work through their emotional baggage. It is a generalised concept that if the cause of the symptoms were tackled it would only be logical that the symptoms would then cease.
M2- Compare two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. D1- Evaluate two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. Make an informal judgement on which aspects of each perspective are most or least useful, justifying your conclusions. P1- Psychology is the scientific study of the behaviour of individuals and their mental processes. In the study of psychology there are six perspectives which each interpret there own idea of the study of psychology and how behaviour is performed as a result.
Elements of a recognised framework by Cormack (2000) will be used as a guideline through the critique process. Critique is defined by Polit et al (2000) as a careful critical appraisal of the strengths and limitations of a piece of research. They state that a written critique should serve as a guide to researchers and practitioners, and should help to advance a particular area of knowledge. The critique should also help those who are practising nursing, to decide how the findings from a study can be best incorporated into practice (Nieswiadomy, 2002). Knapp (1998) points out that if research is to provide convincing evidence on which to base practice, it must be capable of withstanding scrutiny regarding the quality and relevance of the researchers work.
1009). This indicates the complexity in managing bipolar disorder. Studies also show that psychotherapy is necessary to supplement and optimize the effects of medication (Steinkuller and Rheineck 338). Cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients manage the disorder by replacing negative behaviors with positive ones. Education is important with this form of treatment so clients can recognize how different factors affect the course of the disease and what they can do to manage these factors (Steinkuller and Rheineck 342).
Numerous theoretical models illustrate the importance of the treatment process for abnormal psychology. The psychosocial model relates to internal conflicts as between the conscious and unconscious mind as the individual responds to environmental stimuli. This aspect model focuses on relationships, social status, memories, and peer group environments (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Contributions of physical and biochemical functions relates to the biological or medical model and how the human body reacts and influences mental illness and dysfunctions. The focus of this model concerns the brain and functions and abnormal behaviors and unobservable deviant thought processes (Hansell & Damour, 2008).
According to Myers, there is a way in which psychologists measure and conceptualize human intelligence, and they include ability to think, to solve problems, to learn from experience, and to adapt to new and different situations (Myers, 2013). This leads me to a very important question. Does it imply that when a person is not capable of portraying the standards of intelligence set by the psychologists makes him unintelligent? To help us answer this questions, we should consider the case of Genie as well as the characteristics set forth by psychologists. People should consider if intelligence is made
Clinical medicine is largely an idiographic pursuit, and the doctor’s commitment is to the individual patient. Basic sciences such as physiology or epidemiology are nomothetic disciplines that focus on general underlying principles of how the body functions. As a discipline (such as social epidemiology) develops, it explanations will tend to move from an idiographic toward a nomothetic pattern as its theoretical base is established. Related to this distinction is that between emic and etic approaches. These concepts derived originally from linguistics and describe alternative approaches to linguistic analysis.
As the text states, it started with a concern for, “…explaining the processes of thought by using the technique of introspection (i.e., self-reflection)” (Wickens, 2005). Since self-reflection is biased then there had to be a more investigational method, conceivably, a method where the information could be observed and recorded. Psychology has become more about the study of behavior and mental phenomena, whereas, biopsychology is about the study of the brain and how it relates to behaviors. In my paper I will identify some of the important theorists that are associated with biological psychology and describe the relationship between biological psychology and other fields of psychology and neuroscience. I will also describe the major underlying assumptions of a biopsychological approach.