Psy 435 Week One Worksheet

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Industrial/Organizational Psychology 1. Describe the evolution of the field of I/O psychology. The account of I/O psychology takes place in the latter part of the 1800's, during a time when psychology itself was starting to take form. Experimental psychologists began to look at and apply psychological philosophies towards problems within an organization. The study of industrial/organizational psychology has two parts. The industrial aspect focuses on the proper use of personnel, how to select employees, train, motivate and cultivate an efficient workplace team. The organizational side of the coin looks at understanding the behavior of staff while on the job and works towards enhancing the wellbeing and happiness within the system of the team (Spector, 2012). Two university professor are accredited for their foundational work in I/O psychology, Walter Dill Scott & Hugo Munsterberg. Scott and Munsterberg were interested in the science of employee selection and psychological testing. There were others involved as well. Frederick Winslow Taylor looked at managing production workers and developed what is known as scientific management. As a means of developing a more efficient way to perform, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth made their contribution to I/O psychology by the use of designing practical technology for individuals (Spector, 2012). World War I & II used the psychology of I/O by utilizing the skills of psychologists to place soldiers properly in a position that was best suited for the military. I/O Scientists developed psychological tests to assess a soldier's mental abilities. This form of testing became the first comprehensive psychological testing that was used to place personnel into their appropriate positions. When the two wars were over, I/O scientists were called on to solve issues of efficiency, productivity, and motivational strife.
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