Psy 390 Learning And Cognition

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Learning and Cognition PSY 390 Learning and Cognition Learning is a complex subject to define. It is one of the cognitive processes that have been studied by psychologists extensively. To define learning it is important to look at many events that occur when learning as well as the outcome after they are learned. For the most part, witnessing a change in behavior is the foundation to studying cognitive processes. It is no different when examining learning we find as individuals learn they show a change in behavior. There are also two distinct types of learning that can occur in the mental processes. This paper will address those two types of learning and give further explanation of each type. Cognitive processes include such things…show more content…
The key procedures that follow classical condition are as follows: 1) a stimulus is offered to an organism, which will result in a natural and automatic reaction. This stimulus is called the unconditioned stimulus which causes an unconditioned response in return 2) a neutral stimulus that does not result in an unconditioned response is offered to the organism just before offering the unconditioned stimulus. The neutral stimulus is known as the conditioned stimulus 3) once the conditioned stimulus and unconditioned stimulus are harmonized several times then the conditioned stimulus alone can be presented and cause the learned response. This shows a conditioned response has occurred. The unconditioned stimulus is the reinforcement because everything else in the conditioning process depends upon it. During classical conditioning the organism involved in the learning process has no control of the reinforcement, but it happens whenever the one experimenting wants it to occur (Olson & Hergenhahn,…show more content…
The important influence of behaviors on learning can be studied by the behavior that occurs after learning has been initiated or stored. Behavior and learning are codependent on each other. Behavior is observable, and this makes the process of learning more easily observable as well. The two types of behavioral learning have aided in understanding the concepts involved in improved learning through conditioning. These new realizations have been converted into the classrooms to better educate students. The correlation between cognition and learning is reliant, and learning cannot occur without the thought processes such as memory. Behaviors such as language cannot occur without the process of learning. References Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (1997). An introduction to classical (respondent) conditioning. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved August 8, 2010, from Olson, M. H. & Hergenhahn, B. R. (2009). An introduction to theories of learning (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice

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