This essay will also outline the Biological and Psychodynamic perspective in detail and also compare and contrast the two perspectives as well as highlighting the major strengths and weakness of each. The Biological perspective believes human and animal behaviour is the result of internal physical chemical and biological processes. Biology is the defined as the study of life (from the Greek bios meaning ‘life’ and logos meaning ‘study’). A Biological perspective is relevant to the study of psychology in three ways (Comparative method, physiology and investigation of inheritance). Firstly the Comparative method different species of animal can be studied and compared.
Explore the major underlying assumptions of a biopsychology approach. The major underlying assumption held by biological psychologists is the organic basis to mental processes and how the processes are represented in the brain. Additionally biopsychologists make use of discussions and prescriptions for treatments (Biomedicine, 2008). The biological approach in psychology focuses more on the individual and the genetic makeup than the environmental influence on the individual. Looking at genetics and inheritance from the biological parents is more important to the biopsychologists than upbringing, neighborhoods, and socioeconomic background.
In general to researchers, it’s the study of relationships between behavior and any other body functioning; a link between behavior and the brain or even behavior and the mind. It looks at the influence of hormones, genes, the brain, and the central nervous system which ultimately explains the way we think, feel, and behave. When we speak of “Nature vs. Nurture, biological psychology teams up with “nature”. Foremost, biological psychology uses the “nature approach and applies it to the understanding of the psychological bases for learning and memory, emotionality, and mental and behavior disorders. This is how scientist have been able to come up with medication to treat mental illnesses like depression, anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia.
By comparing and contrasting two of these approaches the behaviourist and the biological approach it will highlight the different aspects to each approach. Psychology evolved through three subjects’ philosophy, biology and physics. It developed through stages and views, firstly with Psychoanalysis, behaviourism, cognitive, humanistic and lastly biological. Main body Behaviourists believed that we are shaped by the way our behaviours are rewarded. Behaviourists want results, by which they can check measure and observe on the stimulus and the reacted response.
They each have their own theoretical assumptions in terms of what constitutes behaviour; variously observable responses, inner experiences, cognitions and emotional states, or both. An additional veneer of complexity is posed by the normal/psychopathological distinction. Unsurprisingly, each approach, espouses different therapeutic strategies which, in themselves, can enlighten us as to their varying behavioural explanations. I shall outline and evaluate the key features of each approach on an individual basis, and attempt to assess the extent to which each provides a workable explanation of behaviour relative to their theoretical others. I The biological approach asserts that human behaviour can be explained physiologically and neurologically.
University of Phoenix Material Biological Psychology Worksheet Answer the following questions in short-essay format. Be prepared to discuss your answers. 1. What is biological psychology? Biological psychology is the study in which we try to understand the processes of the mind and its mental processes.
Is a person exhibiting maladaptive behavior due to something genetic; or is it something neurological; something gone awry in the brain cells? The Biological Perspective considers and strives to answer these and similar questions Psycho-dynamic Perspective holds that our thoughts and emotions provoke our mood and influence our behavior. Psychoanalysis is the method of approach taken by reach people who are deeply disturbed. This method challenges the patient to release repressed emotions and to search for the meaning behind his/her Theories 3 way of thinking. The environment in which we find ourselves plays a very big part in how we
The etiology of abnormal behavior is a combination of several, distinctive factors that, when in conjunction, contribute to the activation of psychological disorders. These factors consist of biology, environment and cognition, but the magnitude of each of these triggers differs between every patient displaying abnormal behavior. It is assumed that all of these factors must be present for an individual to develop a psychological disorder. Biology and genetics enable abnormal behavior to appear or activate more likely, but they are not the most significant factors that lead to psychological disorders. While biology simply makes individuals more susceptible to a psychological disorder, environmental triggers are crucial for the actual development.
University of Phoenix Material Biological Psychology Worksheet Answer the following questions in short-essay format. Be prepared to discuss your answers. 1) What is biological psychology? According to page three of Biopsychology by J.P.J. Pinel, biological psychology “is the scientific study of the biology of behavior.” Essentially biological psychology; also known as behavioral neuroscience, looks at the biological reasons for psychological differences.
University of Phoenix Material Biological Psychology Worksheet Answer the following questions in short-essay format. Be prepared to discuss your answers. 1. What is biological psychology? Biological psychology, also known as “biopsychology is the scientific study of the biology of behavior” (Pinel, 2009).