In addition to this, some psychologists also argue that the genetic explanation to depression is deterministic as it claims that if an individual’s family members have depression, then they are definitely going to have depression. According to some psychologists, bio-chemicals are the root cause of depression. The bio-chemical explanation suggests that depression is the imbalance of certain chemical, mainly hormones, within the brain. These hormones included noradrenalin, and serotonin . Within the bio-chemical explanations of depression, there are three main theories.
On the other hand, biological approaches can be credited towards their idea of no cure for mental illness as this is supported by a high relapse rate with illnesses such as depression. Additionally, the biological approach is strengthened for being able to account for endogenous depression, which can often be the most serious, but can be weakened as it fails to offer an explanation for reactive depression in response to a life event. This is due to the biological approach supporting the nature elements of the nature or nurture debate, believing that depression results from a physical cause within an individual. As a result of claiming depression could have a genetic or inherited basis, much of the research supportive of the biological approach is found through family, twin and adoption studies. Studies of families researched by Weissman found that those with a first degree relative suffering depression, are ten times more likely to develop depression themselves, suggesting such illness could ‘run in the family’ or have a genetic cause.
The correct use of mind expanding drugs can only lead to a better fulfillment of the human identity and a greater understanding of reality. Mind expanding drugs must become legal. One argument against drug use is that the addiction and desperation that occurs along with it. Many users lose themselves to their weakness of will and emotionally and physically depend on the drug. Addiction becomes so overwhelming that one
The mentally ill are more different than us than we can imagine and more like us than we care to admit.” (Valentine, 2011) This quote paints a poignant and provocative picture of Abnormal Psychology. Its eloquent phrasing leads us to look at the concept of abnormality through multifaceted lenses exposing the fine line that defines normal and abnormal. In the fairly young science of Abnormal psychology we are asked to consider thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as viable ways to determine the mental wellness of an individual. It is through the understanding of the past that we may move
Technology, when used properly, may aid a society’s development, but overall the extent of what technology may accomplish could hinder rather than progress society’s growth. Ray Bradbury conveys this message in Fahrenheit 451 with the use of specific aspects of technology unique to the story’s society. This leads to the realization by the reader that when technology is abused, its use may develop into an extremely harmful addiction. While many devices are mentioned in the book, one such example of harmful technology is the stomach pump. The stomach pump is a medical device used to replace the bad material inside of a person’s body.
Neurotransmitters such as these ones affect the limbic system which is the control centre in the brain for emotions and drive control. This theory is founded by the effectiveness of antidepressants which increase neurotransmitter levels and in turn, lesson symptoms of depression. This puts across the idea that low levels of serotonin may cause the disorder. Teuting et al's Research that also supports this theory. He carried out a study looking at the urine of depressed patients and found that they had distinctively low levels of a compound associated with serotonin, however this can be questioned at the research does not establish cause and effect, it is only correlation.
History and Theory: Freud and Rogers PSYCH/504 May 13, 2013 Nancy Lees History and Theory: Freud and Rogers The article, “Using the Delay Discounting Task to Test for Failures in Ego Control in Substance Abuse” in the Psychoanalytic Psychology Journal talks about the study done on the self-medication hypothesis of substance use disorders (SUDs). It says that individuals use substances to mask un-pleasurable feelings or experiences. As a society we see this daily. People who have experienced tough times and do not want to feel pain any longer; emotional or physical, are more likely to abuse substances. Individuals do this to make the pain go away which ultimately they really just defense mechanisms (Gottdiener, Murawski, & Kucharski, 2008).
Psychological Maltreatment and it's Relationship with Negative Affect in Men and Women by Dawn Chirichella-Besemer and Robert W. Motta is a research article published in the Journal of Emotional Abuse(2008). The research attempted to show the relationship between psychological maltreatment and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), anger, anxiety, and depression. It also suggested gender differences with the same. Although the results did not support different levels by gender, psychological maltreatment does appear to affect levels of PTSD, anger, anxiety, and depression. Dawn Chirichella-Besemer and Robert W. Motta theorized that there is a relationship between psychological maltreatment and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
Medications and disease’s can cause a decreased ability to taste and smell. A decrease in the senses can negatively impact a person’s quality of life. Declining Sensory System in the Elderly 3 Declining Sensory System in the Elderly And the affect on the Quality of Life As the human body ages the body starts to change and certain health issues arise; hearing, vision, mobility, taste and smell are some of the common areas affected by the changes. These changes occur within the sensory system. The sensory system is part of the nervous system responsible for processing sensory information such as hearing, vision, and taste.
Through the questionnaires, researchers were able to analyze whether or not the targets had certain characteristics about themselves or even if bullying altered their mental health. Although both articles help contribute to evidence-based practice, I do believe the article by Karatza, Zyga, Tziaferi, and Prezerakos (2017) was the most pertinent. The study had a more diverse sample size and covered more aspects of bullying and lateral violence than just the characteristics of the suspect. The study focused on mental health, family and friend support, and also finding ways to minimize workplace bullying before it becomes a larger problem. Through the research of Karatza et al., one could