Psy 315 Week 2 Paper

1074 Words5 Pages
Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Team A: Emily Addison, Kristina Juhl, Leigh Luther, Rabecaa Marlin, Jericha Pacheco, and Jacob Wilkins PSY 315 October 28, 2013 Professor Victoria Green Descriptive and Inferential Statistics In most research conducted both descriptive and inferential statistics are utilized to analyze the studies’ results and, in some cases, draw conclusions from them that apply to others. Both methods advance psychological research, with descriptive statistics making evident the findings of a specific study and inferential statistics applying findings to larger groups (Hinkle, Wiersma,&Jurs, 1988). Regardless of which type of statistic is used in a study, these two styles of data collecting represent the importance of statistics in the realm of research. Statistics bring the accuracy of mathematics and science to psychological research to make the findings relevant, applicable, and practical. This paper outlines the function of statistics and various uses for descriptive and inferential statistics. The Function of Statistics Statistics are mathematical equations focusing on the organization, analysis, and interpretation of a group of numbers (Aron, Aron, &Coups, 2009). They functionas a tool that researchers can utilize tomeasure their findings and analyze how to initiate change. The psychologist evaluates the statistics to determine whether the hypothesis of the study in question was proved or disproved. Statistics communicate this through the use of variables, values, and scores (Aron, Aron, &Coups, 2009). Central tendencies are also used to calculate the mean, median, and mode functions of the data collected. Together, these components of statistics help break down the collected information into clear and concise findings. These findings are documented so they can be reviewed and compared with other studies. It is
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