The psychodynamic perspective is based on the work of Sigmund Freud. He created both a theory to explain personality and mental disorders and the form of therapy known as psychoanalysis. The psychodynamic approach assumes that all behaviour and mental processes reflect constant and unconscious struggles within person. These usually involve conflicts between our need to satisfy basic biological instincts, for example, for food, sex or aggression, and the restrictions imposed by society. Not all those who take a Psychodynamic approach accept all of Freud's original ideas, but most would view normal or problematic behavior as the result of a failure to resolve conflicts adequately.
Ellis believed people developed psychological disorders due to their beliefs about “insane thoughts” and “dogmatic associated feelings.” That it is not point “A” that upsets us but point “B”, the consequence or reaction. REBT was developed by Ellis because he was frustrated with the outcome of psychoanalysis; it did not work for all clients. Learning that one cannot change the past and not to dwell on past actions helps to teach self-acceptance. Accepting oneself with good or poor achievement, not rating oneself and loving oneself with or without approval is unconditional self-love and acceptance. This is rare and very tough to instill in ourselves.
A criticism of the approach is that it isn’t scientific or researched. Most of Freud’s findings are based on case studies which can’t be replicated or generalised to a wider population. There is also evidence that Freud exaggerated some of his findings to suit his theory. Another disadvantage is it ignores the importance of everyday experiences beyond childhood which could contribute to unconscious conflict. It isn’t supported by the effectiveness of drugs which show that abnormality may have a physiological cause.
Comparing Ideologies Human Nature Although linked by the same discussion, each philosopher represented his own distinct Ideology. The debate of man’s innate logical character, is philosophy’s bloodiest battleground. The article offers a basic perception of the ideologies pertaining to renowned philosophers; (Hobbes, Rousseau, and Locke) Hobbes represents the cynical, dark view of human nature. Hobbes suggests humans are born with both passions and reason; our passions cause war and conflict, and our desire for better life persuades us to seek peace. He feels that our instinctive character is to be selfish, only caring of those pertaining to us.
The most significant difference of Adler’s belief from Freud’s premises was his belief that it was crucial to view the human being as a whole, not as conglomeration of mechanism or drives. “Individual Personality” was based on the idea of the indivisibility of the personality. In contrast to most psychological thinking of the time, Adler believed that, fundamentally, humans are self determined. Adler also believed that people have control over their lives and make the choices that shape them. Adler wrote that “individual psychology” breaks through the theory of determine, no experience is a cause of success or failure.
A philosopher such as Freud would agree with me because he argued that our Conscience is a construct of the mind. Freud did not believe in any absolute moral law therefore the content of our conscience is shaped by our experiences - our conscience is learned. He argued that the human mind is split into three separate parts. The id is basic instincts and desires such as hunger, which are present at birth. The ego balances the desires and needs of both the id and the super ego.
However, there is collective identity, meaning that all members of the society can share. Collective identity is achieved by forcing everyone in society to conform. This maintains the society by making someone who has any individuality feel different, close to an outcast. However, the people in Brave New World long for their own identity as an example of Bernard, he has feelings and thoughts he is not proud of, “Did you ever feel you had some sort of extra power,” Bernard said to a friend while talking secretly (69). The “extra power” that Bernard is referring to is individuality.
First off I notice that his interaction with others is sexually inappropriate, which is one criterion for Histrionic Personality Disorder in the DSM-IV-TR. When he first met with his therapist, he told him that he wished he was as attractive as his family doctor. This is not an appropriate way to behave when meeting someone in this sort of situation. Especially since it was one of the first things said to the therapist. Not only is this behavior deemed sexually inappropriate but Nick is considering his relationship more intimate than it really is.
This gives him the sense of superiority over them. There are a couple of different perspectives that will help explain his behavior and personality, psychoanalytic and behavioral. Even though he returns everything back to the Whos and enjoys life with the Whos, in the beginning he is miserable and he wants the Whos to be as miserable as he is. The first perspective to help analyze the Grinch's personality is psychoanalytical Freud was the Godfather of this perspective and based much of his practice and studies on it. Freud believed there are two factors that drive the personality, libido and aggression.
Sure others will place restrictions on our desires, but these restrictions are there insofar as we allow them to be. This is being solely applied to Duberman and his suffering in his younger days. He failed to confront himself about his sexuality and accept it, which renders him emotionally unstable. So he readily accepted his sexuality as a disease and self-prescribed as being incapable of a lasting fulfilling relationship with another man, as psychiatry would claim during the time. And in essence he became a self-fulfilling prophecy.