Ct230 2.3 explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice. While we know that there are factors which affect development, the education and care that they receive will also affect them. Theories in development are important as they influence practice and help us to understand childrens behavior, reactions and ways of learning. * Jean Piaget (1896-1980) cognitive/ constructivist. Piaget thought that, as learning is based on what we experience, childrens thinking and learning was directly related to their age and stage of development.
Toy 2: Building Blocks Description: These are building blocks which can teach children many things such as fine motor and gross motor skills. Why is this toy developmentally appropriate for a child in this age group? Because it teaches kids things such as balance and gravity and beginning math concepts such as matching and grouping and also confidence in creating things. Is this toy appealing to a child in this age group? Why or Why Not?
Principal Psychological Perspectives and Understanding Individual Development P1- Explain the principal psychological perspectives applied to the understanding of the development of individuals Cognitive Cognitive development is the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem solving, and decision-making, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. Theories: * According to psychologist Jean Piaget, children progress through a series of four key stages of cognitive development. Each stage is marked by shifts in how children understand the world: the Sensorimotor Stage, from birth to age 2; the Preoperational Stage, from age 2 to about age 7; the Concrete Operational Stage, from age 7 to 11; and the Formal Operational Stage, which begins in adolescence and spans into adulthood. Cognitive Stage | | Sensorimotor Stage(Birth-2 years) | During the sensorimotor stage infants learn mostly through trial and error learning. Children initially rely on reflexes, eventually modifying them to adapt to their world.
2. Intellectual development is a child's ability to think about and understand their world. It also measures how individuals learn to think and reason for themselves in relation to the world around them. 3. Emotional development is the beginning of a child's experience, expression, understanding, and guideline of emotions from birth through late adolescence.
These theories are the foundation of the early childhood. The theories have been are many and cover all aspects of the developing child; biological, cognitive, social and emotional. Two of these theories will be discussed thoroughly by comparing and contrasting. Jerome Bruner Bruner’s work in cognitive psychology with interest in memory and problem solving led him to examine children’s cognitive development. He was especially intrigued by how children represented thought or showed what they were thinking.
Sensorimotor intelligence begins. As reflexes adjust, the baby enters stage two, first acquired adaptations. Adaptation is crucial to learning, as it includes both assimilation and accommodation, which the person uses to make sense of experience. This adaptation from reflexes to deliberate action occurs because repeated responses provide information about what the body does and how that action feels. In stages three and four, development switches from primary circular reactions , involving the baby’s own body (stages one and two), to secondary circular reactions, involving the baby and a toy or another person.
UNIT 201 Child and young person development Outcome 1 Know the main stages of child and young persons development 1.1 Describe the expected patterns of children and young persons development from birth to 19 years, to include. From birth, a child will start to grow and learn. Through nurture and stimulation they will learn movements, speech and language, and what is right and wrong. Through nurseries and schools they will learn social skills. Life skills will teach them about behaviour and emotional development.
meaning and processing of information as a way of understanding development. Bruner also argued that suggests children acquire
Another main controversy is with Piaget’s broad grouping of the stages affecting cognitive tasks. A more accurate depiction of children’s development would be to state that “children’s skills develop in different ways on different tasks and that their experience can have a strong influence on the pace of development” (Slavin, 2009,
Theories of development. Jean Piaget (1896 – 1980) – Cognitive Piaget's theory was that children construct or build up their thoughts according to their experiences of the world around them. The child's conclusions or thoughts are known as 'schema' (building blocks of knowledge). The child will adapt their schema when new information is received. As a child develops, so does their thinking.