Smoking during pregnancy Like drinking too much alcohol or doing drugs, smoking is also very harmful to your health. It can cause serious health conditions including cancer, heart disease, stroke and gum disease. It can also cause eye diseases that can lead to blindness. Smoking can make it harder for a woman to get pregnant. Smoking and your baby Not only is smoking harmful to you, it's also harmful to your baby during pregnancy.
It is well know that cigarettes are unhealthy for the smoker reducing the oxygen in the body. If a pregnant woman gets less oxygen every time she smokes a cigarette so does her fetus reducing blood flow and nutrition to the placenta. Also the fetus metabolise the agents contained in the tobacco which can causing cancer. (Siegler, R. Deloache, J. Eisenberg, N. 2006) The main effects that can compromise the health of the infant are retarded growth and low birth weight. Statistic shows that those babies born to heavy smoker average weight half a pound less than baby of non-smokers.
Illicit use of these drugs can lead to low birth weight, breathing difficulties, death, and of course the possibility of the baby being born addicted to the drug. Drug addictions in infants present themselves as irritability, fevers, and piercing cries. More specifically, cocaine use during pregnancy can cause physical deformities in the child’s eyes, bones, genitals, urinary tract, kidneys and heart and acute growth retardation. They may also experience seizures and hemorrhages. While many people believe that marijuana may not be as harmful as these other drugs, it can still affect the infant in a few ways.
Working with babies from birth to 12 months The main factors that affect the health and development of babies in there first year are smoking, alcohol, drugs, quality of care and love, stimulation, nutrition, infections, medical conditions and genetic factors. Smoking restricts the amount of oxygen they receive in the worm and it affects their growth and development. When woman smoke during pregnancy their unborn baby is at risk of a low birth weight. Prematurity is a risk as the baby would find it difficult to develop and the woman would give birth before 38 weeks. Other related effects that include a higher incidence of cot death and asthma.
A mother who smokes two packs a day could take over a pound and a half off the baby’s weight at birth. The baby could also have problems such as underdeveloped lungs and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Women who smoke while pregnant can cause a number of health issues for their baby. Not only will smoking harm the baby, but it also harms the person who is smoking in the first place. There are over 4,000 harmful chemicals in cigarettes.
Jordan Young Child Development Period 5 Smoking while pregnant During a pregnancy you can make many choices, for yourself, and your baby. One of those decisions should not be smoking. If you smoke while you are pregnant it has many effects on your baby, before and after the birth. It retards the growth along with the brain development. It impairs the breathing after birth, and increases the likeliness of prematurity.
Each substance can cause severe and permanent damage to children before and even after birth. Researchers have found that these substances can cause low birth weight, premature delivery, fetal alcohol syndrome, mental retardation, learning disabilities, stillbirth, miscarriages, and under developed limbs. Many babies born to mothers that have abused alcohol and drugs while pregnant are born addicted to the substance and go through withdrawal symptoms after being born. Some women are able to quit using these substances when becoming pregnant but many women are not and need professional help to quit. Pregnant women face many barriers when trying to get help for their substance abuse problems.
Multiple birth babies are at increased risk of low birth weight because they are often pre mature. Moreover, excessive stress and victim of domestic violence or other abuse also may increase the risk of low birth weight. Babies who have low birth weight are more likely to have health problems than babies born normally. Many of the premature and low birth weight babies lack enough body fat to uphold a normal body temperature, and have medical problems. Some of the medical problems that infants with low birth weight have are that they have the risk of developing breath problems such as the respiration distress syndrome.
Parents can’t afford good jobs to provide any benefits to their children. Parents don’t have the opportunity to afford an education due to the lack of income. Stress from growing in a poor family might maintain lasting hormonal and immune roles in behaviors that predict disease as an adult. Practical Implications: Providing better benefit to poor families. Allowing them obtain better paying job opportunities.
Most children who develop asthma have a family history of allergies. Early damage to the lungs caused by cystic fibrosis, premature birth, artificial ventilation in an intensive care unit, and certain viral illnesses (especially respiratory syncytial virus [RSV]) can also cause a predisposition to asthma. The severity of asthma varies greatly from child to child. Mild cases may involve only a cough associated with exercise or at night. The milder forms of the disease are the most common, but asthma in its most severe form can result in a catastrophic shortness of breath that leads to death Many simple steps can be taken to reduce asthma triggers in a child's home.