Henry VIII vs. John Calvin in the Protestant Reformation In the sixteenth century, stood the reformation of the Catholic Church in Western Europe. While the main focus was an internal renovation of the church, the outcome was much different than expected; the reformation led to a revolt against and an abandonment of principal Christian belief. The difference in the view and act of oneself was different from individual to individual during the reformation. While Calvin left for Geneva in 1536 from France because of the fear of persecution for the publically spread beliefs of his about the Church to the people, Henry VIII had manipulated the church for a way to receive a new wife in hopes for his first son. Different motivation stands for each of these people in what they did for the reformation.
In his speech before the National Convention, he claims the Church calendar to debase nations and persuades people that a new calendar is a must for every Frenchman. However, Romme is biased towards the production of a new calendar, clearly shown, because he is head of the calendar reform committee (Document 2). The “Institution Concerning the Era of the Republic and the Division of the Year” also supports the new calendar. This document not only looks at the calendar from an intellectual level, but also considers the economy. It claims a new calendar will soon be needed for commerce and the trades, and arts and history.
Luther’s arguments referred to a direct relationship with God and using the local vernacular to speak to the people. Luther’s arguments removed the absolute power from the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church in general. The revenue from the taxes paid to the Church would be reduced with Luther’s ideas, in part because of the removal of buying souls out of purgatory. And thanks to the printing press, Luther’s 95 Theses was reprinted throughout Germany, which soon attracted many followers, as well as many enemies. In 1520, the Pope excommunicated with Martin Luther.
Roman Catholicism was the Christian religion of England until the Reformation, with the introduction of Protestantism and establishment of the Church of England in the sixteenth century. Against this background, we explore to what extent these aspects had on tradition during the nineteenth century, when English Christianity experienced a mixture of expanding dissent and renewing tradition. It may be argued that the Catholic minority considered they were guardians of authentic tradition. Many events during the nineteenth century influenced restoration of Catholic traditions. There was an influx of Catholic immigrants, especially from Ireland.
The man who first rebelled against the Catholic Church was a man named Martin Luther. He did this by creating the 95 Thesis. Thesis number 32 states that “Those who believe that, through letters of pardon indulgences, they are made sure of their own salvation, will be eternally damned along with their teachers”. The 95 Thesis were reasonable and fair to all of England, unlike the Catholic Churches new rules. Henry VIII thought of the idea to challenge the church from Martin Luther.
He believed that the Catholic church was corrupt for selling indulgences as penance for sins in that the sale was a way for the Church to exploit the unfortunate and poor (Reformation 5). The final push for the need to change was the English reformation. During King Henry VIII’s rule in the sixteenth century, the Church of England was formed. He established the church because the Pope of the Catholic Church would not grant him a divorce from his wife, Catherine of Aragon. The Anglican church had many similarities to the Catholic church: similar rituals and a bible titled the Book of Common Prayere (Reformation 9).
Martin Luther started this reformation by posting his 95 thesis to the door of the church. Luther believed that selling indulgences was wrong and that only faith alone Jesus Christ can earn yourself salvation. Luther’s cause was aided when King Henry joined the reformation and created the Anglican church. King Henry made the church because the pope would not let him divorce his wife so he could get an heir to the
C. Calvinism (most significant of the new Protestant sects) John Calvin (1509-1564) EXTRA CALVINISMLeader: John CalvinBelief: relied on faith and theBible; believed in predestination,the idea that at the beginning oftime God had decided whowould be saved Signiﬁcant Events Calvin moved to Geneva, which became a theocracy as a result; Calvinism spread throughout Europe . Frenchman; studied to be a priest and later trained as a lawyer.—humanistic study in France b. Influenced by humanism and weighting of Lutheran, especially Erasmus —-converted and was longer welcome in paris king francis i hated Protestants c. Exiled to Switzerland due to his reform ideas 2. Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536) —- a masterful synthesis
The Protestant Reformation was a religious movement that significantly the political and social spheres of Europe. This reformation is a religious movement because Martian Luther and his colleagues came to understand that if sinners had to earn salvation by their own merits and good works, they would be lost and completely without hope. Pope Leo X told the people that indulgence was a pardon and he made people believe that you could buy your
The Protestant Reformation was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by John Wycliffe, Jan Hus, Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other earlyProtestants. It was sparked by the 1517 posting of Luther's Ninety-Five Theses. The efforts of the self-described "reformers", who objected to ("protested") the doctrines, rituals, leadership, and ecclesiastical structure of the Roman Catholic Church, led to the creation of new national Protestant churches. The Reformation was precipitated by earlier events within Europe, such as the Black Death and the Western Schism, which eroded people's faith in the Catholic Church and the Papacy that governed it. This, as well as many other factors, such as the spread of Renaissance ideas, the spread of the printing