APUSH DBQ ESSAY The view of overseas expansion in the late 19th and early 20th century was mainly driven by Imperialism. With that being said, there emerged two groups with viewpoints on overseas expansion, imperialists and anti-imperialists. Although there are plenty of differences, the main one between the two was over territorial expansion. The imperialists were all for it, thinking that it would help the American market and the depressed economy from the panic of 1893. On the other hand, the anti-imperialists argued that it went against our American democracy and was harmful to the territories we were trying to acquire and our country itself.
Spain used ruthless brutal tactics to bring down the revolt where the U.S intervened due to sympathy for Cuban rebels. During the Spanish American war stories of Cuban righteousness and Spanish brutality were front page. The yellow journalism covered the war extensively and often inaccurately favoring the Cuban rebels but conditions in Cuba were bad enough. After defeating Spain U.S acquired new territories one of them being the Philippines making the United States the “new Spain” .The U.S faced a decision whether they wanted to annex the Philippines or not ultimately approving annexation. In
Shacquerra Hamilton November 5, 2013 HIST 102 T02 Jonathan Gantt Criticisms of Imperialism: John A. Hobson European imperialism in the 19th century was a process in which more powerful and wealthy European countries took over and dominated smaller and underdeveloped countries—either formally or informally—for economic interests, such as resources and labor. The most compelling criticism of imperialism would have to be John A. Hobson’s, an English economist and critic of industrialization and capitalism, “Criticisms of Imperialism” (1902), where he addressed imperialism as a chauvinistic business initiative where powerful nations exploited weaker nations, driven by economic greed which would eventually end in war. Hobson’s criticisms of imperialism are most compelling because they were indeed true. Imperialism didn’t begin in the late 19th century, but the brutality of it did. There was always a “backward” race dependence upon a “civilized” power as a colony or sphere of influence, Hobson stated.
More specifically, imperialism is the use of powerful national influence to impose its position over another society to acquire control of territory, government, and economy. Most often this process is by conquest, but can also be reached in agreement of purchase or an agreement of economic benefit to both societies. The biggest advantage for imperialism is the economic benefits. This was no different in the 1890’s and the country’s aggressive expansion policies. Other major objectives at this time were political, economic, and military control of beneficial societies.
He uses examples, and quotes to demonstrate the irony of foreigners lack of condolence towards America. In conclusion Hilton petitions for those who judge America incessantly, to stop projecting, and take the time to except their responsibility, and work on themselves. Amongst many countries in the Middle East and Europe, symbols of American patriotism are looked at as modern day criminals. It has become popularized to carry hatred towards the United States, seen in many trendy TV shows and popular literature. Hilton uses an example of how his friend was treated in Europe.
The Philippines became a center of controversy in American politics at the time. Many congressmen did not want to have the Philippines, believing it to be too great of a burden. Reluctantly, McKinley accepted it. Now, the US had a foothold it could use to get access into Asia. During this entire conflict, the European powers (Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and Russia) had carved up China and Africa into “spheres of influence” for themselves to keep.
Fischer’s argument that the outbreak of the First World War was due to Germany’s aggressive foreign policy, with a harsh focus on annexation, can be regarded as one of much significance. This theory has been backed up by historians such as Berghahn who claims that Germany ‘[tried] to shift the balance of power in their favour’, and did this through a weltpolitik policy of aggressiveness. This, it can be argued, can be shown by The Navy Race, in which Germany attempted to expand their navy in order to compete with Britain. Despite this being regarded by some as an attempt to
Furthermore, for many centuries, European nations had been building empires, slowly extending their economic and political control over various peoples of the world and practicing imperialism. Colonies supplied the European imperial powers with raw materials and provided markets for manufactured goods. As Germany industrialized, it competed with France and Britain in the contest for colonies. In continuation, because each nation wanted stronger armed forces than those of any potential enemy, the imperial powers followed a policy of militarism—the development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy. Empires were expensive to build and to defend, and the growth of nationalism and imperialism led to increased military spending.
Some of these inventions were electricity, the sewing machine, the telephone, and the Model T Ford. This expansion and new era of living was very important in the growth of America. The expansion of America was very important to the growth of the national economy. America could only go so long as an agricultural economic country before it would either stop growing or have to change. America had the resources to solely rely on agricultural, but the incoming of new inventions made it harder to pass up a great opportunity and America had to use these innovations to their advantage.
The colonists believed that they should have separate laws from Britain because they are not directly represented in parliament. When the colonists continued to disobey the new laws, Britain enforced a harsher set of laws, known as the intolerable acts, to show the colonies that Britain was angry for the Boston Tea Party. This further angered the colonists and caused them to rethink the idea of a rebellion. The colonies as well violated the rights they were fighting for, by