International Trade ECO 372 University of Phoenix There are many contributing factors to the stabilization and prosperity of our global market. We, the United States, are living in a time of severe trade deficit, meaning that we are importing many more goods than we are exporting. While it is nice to be able to buy foreign products at a lower price, there is risk in doing so. When we purchase foreign goods over domestic at lower prices it forces our domestic companies to sell their goods at lower prices to remain competitive. These lower prices may lend to making enough profit to sustain the current workforce.
A deficit results when more money is spent than is taken in; a surplus results when more money is taken in than is spent. -- Buying securities in open market operations may promote economic growth because this action increases banks' cash, allowing for more loans and investment -- The Federal Reserve includes twelve regional banks -- Which is an example of the deregulation of a government-regulated natural monopoly? A new law allows consumers to choose between electricity providers -- The country of Lilliput has high unemployment and low consumer spending, and small businesses are closing. What should Lilliput's government do to improve the economy? Lower the income tax, which gives citizens more money to spend, and buy more services from civilian-owned businesses, which creates more jobs.
This benefit will be evident in the distant future as the unsustainable growth in federal debt would be reined in. The federal debt is currently more than 70 percent of GDP and is growing at a pace higher than GDP (Page & Reichling, 2012). Without current sequestration or a similar solution, the United States would become insolvent much sooner. According to a nonpartisan economic study, removing fiscal tightening like sequestration would boost output and employment in the short term. Conversely, the United States’ output and employment would suffer and lead to larger increases in interest rates over the long term (Page & Reichling, 2012).
China is getting better and better by the second. The infant mortality rate is decreasing, literacy and education increasing, life expectancy higher and basic necessities like food, water, and shelter more available. Many of the problems they had with population are starting to go away with some new restrictions the put up. Their population mass could create the big armies and armadas of china and turn them into a well oiled war machine are could hone the economic status of china probably both though. With China having all these major points they could be on the rise for the next superpower
When the demand for U.S. dollars increases, the value of the dollar will increase or appreciate (Stone 2008, pp. 685). As a result, U.S. products become more expensive for foriegners causing a reduction in exports and increasing imports. This not only effects the U.S. economy, but also affects the economies in other countries. Monetary policies influence and are influenced by international developments, including exchange rates, and based on these market conditions the U.S. government can make strategic changes to these policies to maintain the country’s economic stability (full employment, stable growth and price stability).
China The massive trade surplus, large foreign exchange reserves, low cost of goods, and massive market size are the main strengths of the country. The economy is still undergoing a transition to more of a market economy. However, policy makers are committed to making these changes (China Business Forecast, 2014). Some of the weaknesses in the Chinese market is the over-supply of residential housing, resulting in ghost cities. The banks are under-capitalized in their inadequate financial system and this increases China’s banking sector risk (IHS, 2014).
The customers feel good. They spend more because they have jobs and sable income. More money is collected by the government from income taxes and VAT. The last, factor the prices tend to increase because of high demand so the inflation is rising. Recession- The recession is an opposite of boom stage.
Decreasing the interest rate effectively increases consumer and businesses consumption. Lower interest rates also increase investments and net exports (Hubbard, 868). These increases push true GDP back in line with potential GDP and, as a result, production increases. This increase in production also increases the need for workers, ultimately increasing employment. Conclusion The Federal Reserve is a very powerful entity and has a large amount of influence on how our nation’s economy performs.
Chapter 13 discusses labor markets and the basic models of labor supply and demand but the labor market for unskilled workers is changing. For businesses, the labor supply curve has dramatically shifted to the right especially with the implementation of NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) and the rise of China. There is a surplus of labor supply so the business is able to go along the demand curve to the cheaper wage available, usually in another country. (See attached graph) This loss of jobs for the unskilled workers and increasingly for higher-educated workers is widening the income gap. This shifting of the labor market has other effects too, outside of the labor market.
This monetary expansion increased globally which stemmed greatly from the gold inflow. The expansion of the monetary base stimulated spending by lowering interest rates and making credit more widely available. Due to expectations of inflation, potential borrowers became confident that their profits would adequately cover payments of a loan if they chose to borrow. Along with this, the United States also saw a rise in consumer and business spending. Due to the staggering amount of unemployed workers, Franklin Roosevelt issued the Workers Progress Administration under the New Deal.