Unit 516 Understand safeguarding of children and young people. 1:1 “the action we take to promote the welfare of children and protect them from harm - is everyone’s responsibility. Everyone who comes into contact with children and families has a role to play.” Working together to safeguard children (HM Government 2013) Before the Children Act 1989, steps to protect a child only took place after an event had happened. Children Act 1989 This Act was a move in implementing the UN convention on the rights of the child in the UK. It said how local authority should support children and their families.
Outline bruises (hand prints, belts or shoes). Bruising on non-mobile babies - Burns bites and scars or unusual shaped scars and fractures. Neglect - undernourished, dirty skin and hair, dirty or soiled clothing, inappropriate clothing for the weather, hunger and stealing food, tireness, being withdrawn, being left unsupervised and not being given any medical care. Sexual abuse - recurrent urinary infections, genital and rectal itching and soreness, inappropriate behaviour regarding age and ability, inappropriate level of sexual knowledge, and sexual abusive behaviour toward others, lack of trust, regression, become isolated and withdrawn. Emotional abuse - low self-esteem, attention seeking behaviour, nervous behaviour, continual rocking, hair twisting, delayed development, and self-mutilation.
unit 4227-071 1.1 explain how current and relevant legislation and policy affects work with children and young people: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 - which ensure that children are safe and looked after, children have the right to be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect, negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse by those looking after them. This is used in residential care to ensure that children and young people are safeguarded and are given the right amount of care that they need, ofsted will look at how well children are looked after in any setting where a child is being cared for outside their home setting.if standards are not met then the home will either be shut or given tasks to improve the quality of care that children and young people are recieveing. Children Act 1989 - Parents and professionals must work to ensure the safety of the child. Local Authority has ‘a duty to investigate when there is a reasonable cause to suspect that a child suspect that a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. It is important that care givers follow this as if a child comes to harm or has suffered neglect the caregiver could face legal action.
Unit 25 1.1 Define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse: Physical abuse is defined as; Inflicting, or threatening to inflict, physical pain or injury to a vulnerable elder. Physical abuse can also include depriving them of basic needs such as food, medicines, or giving too much medication. Physical abuse accounts for 25% of all abuse cases of elder abuse. This type of abuse includes punching, pushing, shaking, pinching, burning, force feeding, and any sort of physical punishment or restraint. Signs of abuse include physical signs as well as sudden changes in behaviour or refusal of a caregiver to allow visitors to see an elder alone.
Unit 007 Safeguarding the Welfare of Children and Young People Outcome 1.1 * The Education Act 2002 * Children Act 2004 (Every Child Matters) * Children Act 1989 * Working Together to safeguard children 2006 * What to do if you’re worried that a child is being abused 2006 * Policies which safeguard Outcome 1.2 All adults that work with children have the responsibility to safeguard the welfare of children. Within every setting there is named member of staff with particular responsibility’s for safeguarding children, also known as ‘The safeguarding officer’. All police forces have a ‘Child Abuse Investigation Unit (CAIU)’. Their role is to make the decision whether a crime has been committed and to begin criminal investigation if so. They will gather evidence from settings or other agencies.
Understand how to safeguard the wellbeing of children and young people 2.4 Describe the roles and responsibilities of the organisations that may be involved when a child or young person has been abused or harmed. Organisations such as Social Services, NSPCC(National Society for the prevention of cruelty to children), Health Visitors, General Practitioner and Teachers may be involved when a child or young person has been abused or harmed. Social workers roles and responsibilities are to provide a safe and warm environment for a child and young person. NSPCC (National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children) roles and responsibilities are to provide support for children and families in situations such as domestic violence and abuse. NSPCC role and responsibilities is to also work with other organisations such as social services, police, family protection, education and health services.
* Emotional/psychological abuse – Ranges from bullying, scaring a person with threats or fear, lowering self-esteem by de-valuing, verbal abuse and swearing, expecting too high expectations on the individual and exploitation. * Financial abuse – Includes theft of money or property e.g borrowing and never paying back, mismanagement of the individual’s finances, keeping finances away from the individual. * Institutional abuse – Misuse of authority by staff in a health and social care setting, failure to keep professional boundaries, inappropriate use of medication, physical restraint, humiliation or bullying, also denying a person privacy. * Self-neglect – Personal hygiene would be affected, bathing, not washing clothes etc. Self-harming, and starving themselves, refusing to eat and/or drink.
Kissing, fondling. SYMPTOMS: Tearful/crying, depressed , quiet and or withdrawn, sleeping problems, eating problems, self harm, lack of confidence and low self esteem, difficulty walking or sitting, stained or bloodied bedding or underclothes, love bites, frequent bouts of cystitis. Demonstrating sexual acts that are not in the persons nature. EMOTIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL Bullying, belittling, name calling, over criticising, humiliation, controlling, deprived of basic rights. SYMPTOMS: Crying, depressed, change in sleeping patterns, eating problems, quiet, withdrawn, low self esteem, no confidence, weight loss, nervous or noticeable change of behaviour around certain person.
SFE 1.3 Analyse how national and local guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding affect day to day work with children and young people. SFE 3.2. Explain policies and procedures that are in place to protect children and young people and adults who work with them. Schools take guidance from the local LEA which in turn follows legislation set by Parliament. H&S at work Act 1974; States our duty to protect everyone’s, including our own, safety, health and welfare.
CYP Core 3.3 Understand how to safeguard the well being of children and young people. Outline current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK HOME NATION affecting the safeguarding of children and young people. Child protection is part of the wider work to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people. It refers to the activity that is undertaken to protect specific children who are suffering from any form of abuse or neglect. It also involves protecting children and young people from maltreatment and preventing impairment of a child’s health and development by ensuring children are raised in positive circumstances by providing safe and caring environments.