The result is that events occurring thousands of miles away can now have an almost immediate impact on us. Globalisation has many causes, some of them are; communications technology, mass media and cheap air travel. Held et al suggest the globalisation of crime has led to an increasing interconnectedness of crime across national borders; this has brought about the spread of transnational organised crime, creating new opportunities for crime and new means of committing crime. For example the computerisation of financial markets enables vast amounts of capital to be transferred each day from one side of the world to the other, with sometime devastating effects on national economies. Also, Manuel Castells (1998) argues because of globalisation there is a globalised criminal economy worth £1 trillion.
Women played a strong role in the temperance movement, as alcohol was seen as a destructive force in families and marriages. In 1906, a new wave of attacks began on the sale of liquor, led by the Anti-Saloon League (established in 1893) and driven by a reaction to urban growth, as well as the rise of evangelical Protestantism and its view of saloon culture as corrupt and ungodly. In addition, many factory owners supported prohibition in their desire to prevent accidents and increase the efficiency of their workers in an era of increased industrial production and extended working hours. Passage of the Prohibition Amendment In 1917, after the United States entered World War I, President Woodrow Wilson instituted a temporary wartime prohibition in order to save grain for producing food. That same year, Congress submitted the 18th Amendment, which banned the manufacture, transportation and sale of intoxicating liquors, for state ratification.
It succeeded in getting passed primarily due to the propaganda used by prohibitionists and ultimately failed due to the intense criminal activity that occurred as a repercussion of its passing as well as the economic turmoil of the Great Depression. It is hard to put an exact date or time on the beginning of the prohibitionist movement, but many believe that the first real attack on the legalization of alcohol began in 1840. Many different religious organizations, the Methodists being the most prominent, began campaigning a dry movement in which they promoted the idea of banning alcohol completely. While the movement lasted a couple of years it had died down by 1850. It was not until the late 19th century that this movement would be given a new breath of life, when two organizations were founded that would end up being major proponents in the prohibitionist movement: The Prohibition Party in 1869 and the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) in 1873.
The marijuana prohibition was enacted in 1937, just three years after the alcohol prohibition ended. After a failed attempt with alcohol, the government must have felt they needed to try and take away another civil liberty, so they tried it on the new popular drug of the time, marijuana. During that period the people were glad to be ridden of the gang violence, notorious of the 1920’s and 1930’s, so they went along with most of what the government said and did, thus making marijuana illegal. Many people also speculate that racism was a large factor in the illegalization of marijuana, as many Mexican workers and black jazz musicians favored using it. In most states it was and still is a felony to posses any marijuana or paraphernalia.
Organized crime - be it narcotic trafficking,prostitution rings, corporate crimes and so on - has become a massiveinternational business, and it has required larger agencies equipped withbetter criminal theory and technology and international cooperation betweenagencies to deal with it. Moreover, the clear lapse between the professionalismand techniques of many criminal organizations and the law agencies that pursuethem will require these agencies to catch-up to the advances of these criminalsin the next decades. And, of course, this catch-up will depend heavily uponadvances in criminal theory and analysis. 'Crimes of the powerful' are notexclusively concerned with illegal activities of the above
Others saw as a way to make more money than ever, charging twenty or thirty dollars for a bottle of champagne and two dollars for a drink of whiskey. In his article on Prohibition for The Observer, Dominic Sandbrook wrote that “more people started drinking now than before the amendment was ratified.” Prohibition was created to try and abate the moral evil and crime that arose due to public drunkenness. The reasoning behind Prohibition was actually sound. Writing in 1920,
Then are those who hate guns, are terrified of guns, and think guns should all be illegal. All the original amendment rights have been altered in some way since they were first derived in the late 1700’s. Gun control is a touchy subject in America. Several years ago a shooting took place at Virginia Tech killing 32 people. This kind of violence allowed many questions to arise about what could have been done to avoid the shootings.
Nikki Hinkebein Dr. Boehnlein Position Argument 28 October 2011 The Drinking Age Needs to be Lowered Underage drinking is a major issue in the United States. Through out the country, deaths due to alcohol happen frequently and Americans are trying to find ways to reduce these fatalities. The legal age to purchase and consume alcohol in the United States should be moved from 21 to 18. In many European countries, the drinking age is 18 or does not even exist. Europeans have more control and responsibility with drinking than American youth because alcohol is a part of their daily lives.
In addition, gangs increasingly are smuggling large quantities of heroin, cocaine, and MDMA (also known as ecstasy) into the United States. Local street gangs in rural, suburban, and urban areas transport drugs within very specific areas, most of what seem to be low socio-economical areas. Some gangs collect millions of dollars per month selling illegal drugs, trafficking weapons, operating prostitutions rings, and selling stolen property. Gangs launder their proceeds by investing in real estate, recording studios, motor cycle shops, and construction companies. The extent of gangs/drugs A proliferation in gangs will also mean a growth in drug and violence in our community’s and threatening society in general.
The lack of a solid popular consensus for the ban resulted in the growth of vast criminal organizations, including the modern American Mafia and various other criminal cliques. Widespread disregard of the law also generated rampant corruption among politicians and within police