Harm reduction is a holistic approach, considering problems such as the availability of the drug in the community, the prevalence of its use, and how much is known about the drug and its effects and harms in the community (drug info). Harm reduction supports the traditional abstinence goal of drug treatment services by encouraging an abstinence-based approach, providing drug users with the knowledge and tools to reduce harm until they can achieve and maintain abstinence (WHO, 2006). The focus is on empowering people to make their own choices about their drug use and therefore encouraging more people to participate in treatment and prevention programs (drug info). Zero tolerance is an extreme form of harm reduction, endorsing the prohibition of any drug use (Bonomo & Bowes, 2000). Theoretically, zero tolerance would be the most effective approach to reducing substance-related harm (Bonomo & Bowes, 2000).
Addiction Counseling Sharon Allen Liberty University Abstract In the latest research on, alcoholism, the American Psychological Association regard it as culturally neutral. So it’s important that when the client is being treated for this disease that the counselor does it without regard for their race or ethnicity. As the population diversity grow, the way the counselor treat this disorder had to change. Different racial background would encountered issues of the treatment. There are so many negative emotions that contribute to this disease such as parental alcoholism, self-esteem, peer pressure, stress, trauma and mental health issues.
Physicians have to worry about this principle in two aspects. One, trying to make sure they aren’t overprescribing narcotics for patients contributing to addiction and overdose which in fact is harm to the patient. But two, also making sure they don't under treat those that truly have pain control issues, as this too can cause harm to a patient. It is a proven fact that pain medication, taken appropriately, will significantly impact life saving treatments as well as end of life comfort (Maley, 2013). Political and Legal Factors Different states have different laws in place related to prescription drug abuse.
One reason offered as an impediment to controls not being in place at present is the imbalance of power between health experts and the alcohol industry (Shiffman & Smith, 2007). Autonomy is promoted extensively within health care (Nursing & Midwifery Council, 2008), therefore the individual is deemed responsible for their own health, as opposed to the government or alcohol industry (Beaglehole & Bonita, 2009). Alcohol is detrimental to those suffering acute ischaemic heart diseases, with the only benefit being in cases of
Cost-Benefit Analysis of Substance Abuse Prevention Programs Evaluated by: Indiana University SPEA V482 August 12, 2013 Abstract As substance abuse is on the rise, programs have been implemented to help reduce the negative impact alcohol, marijuana, tobacco, and other substances have on individuals. These programs not only play a huge role on health issues, but also take an economic toll on society. This paper provides a background on substance abuse programs and analyzes two distinctive evaluations of prevention programs already in place. Although each differs on which programs’ strong points and benefits outweigh their costs, some programs have been more familiarized than others resulting in detailed analysis. After evaluating each program, thorough research is required for policy makers to establish which of the two programs should be executed for the best results.
Company Q in the scenario provided has a very poor attitude towards social responsibility because though they provide some basic aspects like Economic and Legal they fall short in Ethical and Philanthropic aspects. We will examine ways that Company Q can improve those lacking aspects. The first potential improvement is in the store closing situation of the scenario where Company Q closed two stores in high crime rate areas. Company Q has the right to be profitable and if they report that these stores are losing money then they have every right to close those stores but they made no efforts in the Philanthropic aspect of social responsibility. Company Q could have made investments in the local community that would have potentially improved the community thus decreasing the crime rate.
(2008), suggest intervention such as family intervention, school based programs, community programs, and youth-led community programs are necessary in the prevention of underage drinking and ways to reduce underage drinking among university students. This information is relevant to the prevention of underage drinking in this research paper because it discussed different programs that will help underage drinkers and students in preventing them from related health diseases as a result of binge
Suppose that Cornelius believes that Elliot is not a good hire for Pharma. Can he fire Elliot? Although Adams may have had the legal right to hire Elliot without the consent of the others, it was a morally wrong decision not to seek the consent of the other shareholding partners. As a privately held corporation which is small in size, the promotion of business efficiency is an objective best served by enabling the owners to arrange the organization of the enterprise as they choose unless such decisions are outside the scope of the partnership business which would make it impossible to
Concept of helping clients during the case management process The concept of helping clients during the case management process will reduce recidivism, enhance public safety, and promote success. The case management concept is complex because different components may happen at different times during the treatment process. Each individual is unique and different, so therefore, the treatment has to be different. Freeman (2001) stated, “The traditional case management plan calls for reduction of problematic symptoms by a certain percentage” (p. 77). Case managers are professionals who provide treatment and services to clients so they can live productive in society.
Not only is it important for the client to realize that alcohol will not effectively help he or she in the situation, but support from others is useful. Family and friends who can support the client in the help for change can give the abuser the motivation and support needed to further move on with life. Counseling, Alcoholics Anonymous, and other support groups should be continued until the client has no further use of alcohol. Positive motivation, hobbies, and activities should be reinforced along with counseling to assess the client over a number of