Progressivism: Four Goals Of The Progressive Movement

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THE ORIGINS OF PROGRESSIVISM Four Goals of Progressivism • Protecting Social Welfare- Many social welfare reformers sought to relieve urban problems. They opened libraries created settlement houses and eased the effects of industrialization. • Promoting Moral Reform- felt that morality held the key to improving the lives of poor people. Did this through prohibition, and a host of other uplifting programs. • Creating Economic Reform- sought to reform the laissez-faire capitalist system that favored big business. Reformers who wrote about the corruption in business were called muckrakers. • Fostering Efficiency- tried to increase the efficiency of American society. The concept of scientific management ( the effort…show more content…
Many educated women began applying their skills to needed social reforms. • Women and Reform- The participation of educated women often strengthened existing reform groups and provided leadership for new ones. They used social housekeeping and other forms of pressure to influence legislation The impacts of Theodore Roosevelt on the Progressive Movements • Roosevelt decided to use his powers to give Americans a “Square Deal” to protect the public interest. He focused his domestic efforts on regulating big business, helping organized labor, protecting consumers, and conserving the nation’s already-dwindling natural resources. • Roosevelt began by launching a campaign to tackle monopolistic trusts that hurt consumers. In 1902, under the auspices of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, he filed a lawsuit against James J. Hill’s and J. P. Morgan’s Northern Securities Railroad Company. • In 1904, the Supreme Court upheld Roosevelt’s suit in the Northern Securities decision, forcing the giant railroad company to disband. Roosevelt subsequently filed similar suits against dozens of other trusts, including the beef trust, the sugar trust, and the harvester…show more content…
• Taft refused to reinstate Pinchot even after Roosevelt and several prominent Republicans appealed on his behalf. • The 1910 Ballinger-Pinchot Affair thus blackened Taft’s public image and earned him many enemies within his own party. Wilson Presidency • Wilson managed to accomplish every one of his major domestic goals on his progressive New Freedom agenda. In just four years, Wilson reduced the tariff, passed more anti-trust legislation, and reformed the banking system. • Wilson began in 1913 by pushing Congress to pass the Underwood Tariff, which drastically reduced duties on foreign goods from an average rate of 40 percent to an average rate of 25 percent • Congress compensated for the loss of revenue by creating a national income tax under the Sixteenth Amendment, another major progressive achievement of 1913. • Next, Wilson took on the banking industry, which despite industrialization and the population boom had remained essentially unchanged since the Civil
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