Progressive Era Through the Great Depression

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The women’s suffrage is one of the major historical turning points in the Progressive Era. During this era there were major two groups that pushed and furthered the cause of women’s suffrage; The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), founded in 1890, and the National Women’s Party (NWP), founded in 1913 and led by Alice Paul (Schultz, 2012). The second major historical turning point in this era is the Stock Market Crash in 1929. The Stock Market Crash of 1929 devastated the economy and was a key factor in beginning the Great Depression. The Women’s Suffrage movement had a major impact on society, economy, politics, and culture. In 1920 the Nineteenth Amendment was passed and women won the right to vote (Schultz, 2012). The enfranchisement of women was the largest expansion of the voting population in American history, significantly increasing the American electorate. This movement opened many doors for women; they now knew that they had a voice and the right to speak on political issues within the government and allowed them property rights. According the Schultz (2012), the stock market crash and the collapsing world economy pushed the United States into the deepest economic decline in history. Between 1929 and 1933, about 9,000 banks closed. Business investments in the industrial construction declined from $23.3 billion in 1929 to $10.1 billion in 1932. In addition, the national unemployment rate skyrocketed from 3.2 percent in 1929 to nearly 25 percent in 1933. People lost their homes, their savings, their aspirations and their dreams. The poorest Americans faced starvation as breadlines became common. Americans were simply terrified of succumbing to disaster they did not understand. By 1914, all western states and territories with the exception of New Mexico had extended the franchise to women, but it was not until 1917 that New
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