Professor Essay

585 WordsJan 3, 20133 Pages
Michael Herod SJV Grade 8 Nov. 15, 2011 1. Alcohol-a drug that is produced by a chemical reaction in fruits, vegetables and grains. 2. Blood alcohol concentration (BCA) - Is expressed as a percentage of total blood volume. 3. Intoxicated- a physically and mentally use of alcohol. 4. binge- drinking consuming lots of drinks in a short period of time. 5. Fetal alcohol syndrome- a group of alcohol relation birth defects that include physical and mental problems. 1. Alcohol effects on the body- mouth and esophagus- short term, tongue, gums, throat are affected. Breath smells of alcohol Long term: damage tissue to esophagus and my bleed. Heart and blood vessels: short term: perspiration increases and skin becomes flushed. Long term: high blood pressure and damage to the heart muscles is common. Blood vessels harden and become less flexible. Brain and nervous system: short term: speech is slurred and vision is blurred and drinker has difficulty walking. Long term: brain cells which can not be replaced are destroyed. Damage occurs to nerves throughout the body making numbness in the hands and feet. Liver: short term: Liver changes alcohol into water and then co2 long term: liver is damaged possibly resulting in cirrhosis of the liver. Scarring and destruction of the liver. Stomach and pancreas- short term: stomach acids increase which result in nausea and vomiting. Long term: irritation in stomach lining causing opening sores called ulcers. How alcohol affects the individual -The same amount of alcohol has a greater effect on a small person than a larger person. -Gender: in general alcohol goes faster in the blood stream faster in females. -Time period- a person who drinks a lot in a short period of time is more likely to become intoxicated. Rapid drinking overwhelms the livers ability to break down the

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