Pro Choice Essay

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Assignment 3 The social movement I’ve chosen to research is the pro-choice social movement that has been around and controversial for so long. I’m interested in this movement because it affected a very close friend of mine in such a big way. Pro-choice describes the political and ethical view that a woman should have complete control over her fertility and the choice to continue or terminate a pregnancy. This entails the guarantee of reproductive rights, which includes access to sexual education, access to safe and legal abortion, contraception, and fertility treatments, and legal protection from forced abortion. Individuals and organizations who support these positions make up the pro-choice movement. This movement has been around for centuries. However it wasn’t until a historical 1973 case, Roe v. Wade where a woman challenged the Texas laws criminalizing abortion, that the U.S. Supreme Court reached two important conclusions that truly had an affect on our nation. They concluded that abortion law was a federal constitutional law issue, not a state one, and was therefore subject to the Constitution of the United States and federal law. The procurement of an abortion was a constitutional right during the first and second trimesters of a pregnancy based on the constitutional right to privacy, but that the state’s interest in protecting “potential life” prevailed in the third trimester. Pro-choice advocates emphasis their beliefs that having a child is a personal choice that affects a woman’s body and personal health. They believe that both parents’ and children’s lives are better when the government allows women to have the right to make the decision, thus preventing women from going to desperate lengths to obtain illegal abortions. Pro-choice advocates frame their beliefs in terms of “individual liberty”, “reproductive freedom”, and

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