Topic: Overcrowding in prison General Purpose: To Persuade/Visual Aid Specific Purpose: The overcrowding of prisoner has been a issue since the early 1700 century, and as of March 1, 2012 United State currently has the world’s largest prison population of 2.2 million people incarcerated. Stated by the Sentencing Project, a research and advocacy for reform. Introduction: But before I start, I want to make it clear this is not a position offering sympathy to the criminals locked-up. Our judicial-system convicts people that need to be and deserve to be taken away from the general population and imprisoned .However, overcrowding is perhaps one of the biggest challenges facing the American prison system. Prison became the biggest profit making industry in this country.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the penitentiary ideal and the two models of American prisons. The Unites states prison system have been used as a tool to punish offenders who have interrupt and broke the law. There are state’s prisons house offenders who are convicted of felony offenses. Prisons have been built in the seventeen hundreds in the United States as a form of physical punishment authorization and penalties are often justified by different rationales and philosophies, today the importance of most states prison system is to reinstate criminal offenders, while other states prison are only interested in incapacitating and punishing criminals, each of these states prison have its own written policy and procedure concerning its operation and management, most states prison system are considered to be tough on criminals while others considered to be merciful, Penitentiary – a prison that was designed and built in order to provide the kind of penitentiary they thought best for rehabilitating prisoners., prison is a place where people are held before their trail or while awaiting punishment. Most prisons are badly maintained and often controlled by negligent prison warders Many people died of diseases like gaol fever, which was a form of typhus.
In addition, Swedish prisons are now housing a growing number of "hard-boiled inmates from Eastern European countries," including a number of prisoners convicted on drug charges and a "record number of prisoners serving life sentences" (Alvarez, 2005). Although Rodstroem's plan for a bunker-like prison has been dropped, Sweden is planning to "upgrade the maximum-security wings of three prisons and to convert a fourth prison to high security" (Alvarez, 2005). The prison service has also developed new methods to curb escapes, most of which focus on reducing contact between prisoners and contacts outside the facility; the methods here include jamming calls on smuggled cell phones (Alvarez, 2005). The service also plans to rethink its longstanding policy, which is common in most European prisons, of having the guards intermingle closely with the prisoners (Alvarez, 2005). The theory is that when the inmates get to know the guards, and vice versa, the two build a relationship of trust, which also allows the guards to
However, does the dramatically increased number of prisoners necessarily verify that the prison system is not working? Is it possible that the growth resulted from the changes of the laws as more things become illegal, the federal government passes minimum mandatory sentences? Perhaps many crimes for which a person would not have been sent to prison now require a prison term. That could be the reason for the increase. Then, can we literally say that the
Jails are the watershed of the correctional system. They are locally operated correctional facilities that confine people before or after adjudication. The function of jails today are used for individuals pending arraignment and waiting trial, conviction, and sentencing. The United States currently incarcerates 1 in nearly 100 American adults. Reasons for people being in jail could be for probation, parole, bail bond violators and absconders.
In the 18th Century to it’s modern depiction, one fact has always been a constant and that is the American taxpayer which has shouldered the responsibility for every aspect of inmate care. In America there is more prison inmates than any other country in the world. The current number of inmates in the United States is staggering. Current estimations is that the U.S. currently houses is about 2,250,900 adult inmates, this is roughly 0.7% of the U.S. adult population. The United States
Attica Prison Riot The maximum security prison, Attica Correctional facility, is located in a small town in between Buffalo and Rochester in New York. Attica was surrounded by a 30-foot wall, 2 feet thick, with fourteen gun towers Prisoners spent fourteen to sixteen hours a day in their cells, their mail was read, their reading material restricted, their visits from families conducted through a mesh screen, their medical care disgraceful, their parole system inequitable, racism everywhere. It all started on September 9th 1971 when over thirteen hundred prisoners took over the prison, holding forty guards hostage. Prisoners rebelled for many various reasons. Some of the different reasons that the prisoners went crazy were because living and sleeping conditions became intolerable, social and cultural movements outside prisons encouraged the rebelling.
Some prisons have open bays with bunk beds instead of cells. People need to understand that there is a difference between prison and jail. Prison is for long term and jail is for short term, although both places can be used to hold personnel pending trial. Many people that are within the prison system are educated. They may not have a college degree but most have a high school diploma or its equivalent, a G.E.D.
My thesis is on Criminal Justice, the overcrowding in the Prisons in the United States. In the United States we have the problem where there are inmates in prison on death row ,if they would execute the inmates that is on death row we would have the room to put people in the prison for the crimes they have commit instead of letting these inmates out for dealing in drugs, selling these drugs to our children. What about the inmates that have commit sex crimes are they going to let them out for good behavior. The overcrowding in the Prison has to improve in the United States. I have worked in the Women State Prison in Kentucky for about 17 years, I have seen everything in the systems like the women have beauty salons, kitchen with 3 stove where they can choose to eat in the dorms eat steak or anything they want as long they did buy it from the canteen or go to the mess hall to eat.
Prison Crowding Written by: Audrey Johnson Overcrowded prisons are a huge issue that has been plaguing the United States for quite a few years now. There is no certain cause for the overcrowding in our prisons, however there are many suspected reasons believed to be causing the overcrowding. In order to really begin fixing the problem, concern must be given to each and every one of these causes. Overcrowding in prisons is a serious issue because it affects millions of people in the U.S., not just prisoners, but taxpayers and prison staff as well. Illinois, in particular, is suffering from overcrowded prisons quite severely.