Why did the English kill their king in 1649? This essay is about the English killing their king. You will find out about, Charles problems with parliament, The Civil War and the roundheads and cavaliers. Charles was born 19th November 1600 at Dunfermline Palace, Fife, but got executed on 30th January 1649. He took over the throne on 11th May 1625, aged 24, after his father James I died.
Why do we need a king that’s so selfish and disrespectful to rule our country? Religious conflicts permeated Charles’s reign. He married a Catholic princess over the objection of our parliament and public opinion. He also allied himself with controversial religious figures like Duke of Buckingham and Archbishop Laud. As his subjects, we think that this brought our Church of England too close to Roman Catholic.
That wasn't right and had to change, yes. But a constitutional monarchy would have been the best option. That way, the King would only have been king in name but keep his stature, and the country would have been reigned by cabinets formed of the bourgeoisie, nobility and clergy. Unfortunately, the French chose the most violent way imaginable, and murdered everybody that stood in the way (or even dared to think differently) of the revolution. Absolutist power is always dangerous in the hands of a monarch as well as in the hands of a movement (in this situation, the National Assembly).
The Wyatt rebellion of 1554 was led by nobles principally Sir Thomas Wyatt from Kent, who along with other men of high authority, posed to end Mary Tudors reign. This was because of the attempts that Mary made to re catholicise England, which feared protestant standing men. This was combined with disapproval of many noblemen at the proposed marriage between Mary and Phillip of Spain. It is argued by some that the rebellion was poised a serious threat to Mary’s authority thus in the following essay I shall be exploring particular reasoning’s ultimately concluding with a judgement on how far I agree with the statement that ‘Wyatt’s rebellion was a serious threat to Mary’s authority.’. The origins of rebellion arose when people in England opposed Mary’s catholic standing and were worrying over the possible return of papal authority over England, since mary’s coronation was in 1553 she quickly placed people of catholic standing in positions within the kingdom, including many positions in the privy council the most influential body within the government.
The next most important reason for the collapse was religion and Charles’ push toward Arminianism and absolutism. The fear of Charles becoming absolutist shaped how his policies were viewed and the MP’s political attitudes. Appello Ceasarum produced by Montagu and commissioned by the King angered many MPs as it argued the similarities between Protestantism and Catholicism. This brought MPs to call for the impeachment of Montagu as they felt it promoted anti-Calvinism. Charles’ reaction to this, as he imposed his prerogative as the Divine Right Monarch, promoted Montagu to Royal Chaplain.
The empire was then declared war on by Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden, and Austria. Quickly putting an army together of untrained and horribly prepared soldiers he faced the other European nations in Leipzig, a city in Germany. In 1814 Napoleon was denied the access to keep fighting and surrendered. Then he was exiled to Elba and was thought to never be a threat again. However when he heard of New king Louis XVIII struggling for power, Napoleon escaped Elba and returned to be welcomed again by France.
Popes were competing with Italian princes for political power and fought wars, and many clergy led lavish lifestyles. John Wycliffe An early English reformer, using sermons and writing to call for changes, but was removed from his teaching position. Jan Hus An early reformer, preaching against the immorality and worldliness of the Church, excommunicated by the Pope, and later burned at the stake after being arrested and tried. What was the "last straw" for Luther? In 1517, he saw Johannes Tetzel selling indulgences in Wittenberg, Germany.
If he didn’t change the religion for the best interest of England, we would have a higher crime rate and England would be destroyed. The Catholic Church went from being a place where you can find God, to a place where people are executed and go against the laws of God and humanity. Henry VIII said “The people look to you for light and you bring them darkness. Amend these crimes and set forth Gods word truly or else I, whom God has appointed his high minister, will see these divisions extinct and the enormities corrected”. The Catholic Church decided to start controlling everyone in England.
John heard of this and in his fury had Geoffrey imprisoned in chains, clad in a cope made of lead and starved. Geoffrey died an agonising death.’ I don’t think this source is a trustworthy source because he can’t tell us the name or the whereabouts of the sheriff. Roger tells us that John let a robber that murdered a priest go because it was an enemy of his but government records show that John ordered anyone killing a priest
Each pope excommunicated his rival's followers and courted kings for support, thus starting a rift within the Church that made an already uneasy situation worse. The problem was not resolved until 1417, when the Council of Constance restored order to the papacy. Significant damage to the prestige of the papacy, however, remained and helped set