Principles of Safeguarding Essay

2606 Words11 Pages
Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Learning outcome 1: Know how to recognise the signs of abuse. / 1.2 Define the different types of abuse and describe the signs and symptoms associated. Physical abuse is using force to physically harm someone. This can involve punching, hitting, kicking, biting, pinching, pushing, choked, etc. There are signs of physical abuse in adults such as bruising, cuts, sprains, fractures, burns, etc. Victims of physical abuse will seem scared and jumpy often flinching of cowering, They could have weight or hair loss and may seem low. Sexual abuse is when a person is forced or tricked into taking part in a sexual activity. When sexual activities are non-consensual it is abuse. It can happen to men or women of any age. The signs of sexual abuse can be bruising around the breasts or genitals. They can appear fearful and withdrawn. Emotional abuse is where one person gains control over another through threatening or belittling behaviour. This can involve name calling, threats, sarcasm, shouting and withholding affection. Signs of emotional abuse are depression, anxiety, withdrawing, refusing affection, fearful and low self esteem. Financial abuse is stealing or defrauding someone of money, goods, property, etc. This can range from a care worker stealing money from a purse to a family member faking a signature to steal property. The signs of financial abuse are suspicious signatures on cheques, missing money/items, unexplained sudden transfer of property/money. Symptoms could include person feeling fearful, anxious or embarrassed. Institutional abuse happens when the lifestyle of the client is sacrificed in favour of routine. Institutional abuse can compromise of: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, financial abuse, verbal abuse and
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