Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care. 1.1 Define the following types of abuse: •Physical abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm. •Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another. •Emotional/psychological abuse may involve threats or actions to cause mental or physical harm; humiliation; isolation. •Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorised use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables.
Bruising, fractures and marks from being hit are also physical elements of abuse. Sexual abuse Sexual abuse that may be experienced by an adult is direct and indirect sexual activity where adults cannot and does not consent to e.g. rape. Inappropriately touching adults, without their consent can also be a form of sexual abuse. And is abuse that adults can experience.
The symptoms can include overly sexualised behaviour, self harm, anxiety, depression, urinary infections, or being withdrawn when in social settings. Emotional Abuse: When a person is subject to abuse in the form of name calling, insults, bullying and general mistreatment that would affect their emotional wellbeing. People who experience emotional abuse can become withdrawn, have a low self worth, loss of trust, and depression. Financial Abuse: When a person abuses another person for monetary gain. Things that can constitute as financial abuse are stealing, borrowing money or property without the person’s knowledge or permission, and denying access to a person’s finances.
Individuals punching other individuals will lead to having bruises, biting and slapping will leave marks on the body. Individuals exhibiting untypical self-harm, unexplained fractures, unexplained cuts or scratches for example when teenagers that are depressed often cut themselves thinking it will cool them down. An individual appears scared or subdued in the presence of specific individual’s also sudden or unexplained incontinence. Psychological abuse also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse is a form of abuse considered by an individual subjecting or exposing to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression or post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychological abuse may include: Threats of harm, threats of leaving the individual, humiliation, bullying, harassment and disengagement or withdrawal from services or support networks.
Outcome 1 - Know How to Recognise Signs of Abuse Define the following types of abuse Physical abuse Physical abuse involves contact causing intimidation, injury or other physical suffering or bodily harm. Sexual abuse The forcing of undesired or unwanted sexual behaviour by one person on another. Emotional/psychological abuse Involves threatening or taking actions against a person that may cause mental or physical harm or humiliation. Financial abuse The unauthorised use of a person’s property, money or other valuables. Institutional abuse The failure to provide professional and appropriate services to vulnerable people.
Andrew Cawthron HSC 024 1. Know how to recognize signs of abuse. 1.1 Define the following types of abuse; • Physical Abuse • Sexual Abuse • Emotional/Psychological Abuse • Financial Abuse • Institutional Abuse • Self Neglect • Neglect by others Physical Abuse This is defined by any kind of physical contact that is unwanted or unnecessary. This can be forcibly restraining someone, striking them or not providing them with the necessary equipment to be able to perform a manual task safely risking injury. This can also include something as simple as grabbing someone arm or putting your arm around their shoulder and ushering them into a room.
Child abuse means infliction of bodily or psychological damage on a child on purpose. Neglect of a child means when a caregiver fails to provide care to a child, protection, or anything necessary to uphold a child’s physical or mental health and well being. Aggravated abuse occurs when one commits aggravated battery on a child. Meaning intentionally causing pain and suffering, maliciously disciplining, or knowingly and illegitimately cages a child. Depending on the offense there are many penalties in regards of child abuse.
Sexual abuse – inappropriate sexual contact with the individual without their consent; making sexual advances, inappropriate touching, indecent exposure, rape. Signs and symptoms of sexual abuse will include sudden withdrawal, behavioural changes in the individual – the patient may become shy when assisting with their personal hygiene, wanting to hide themselves; there may also be bruising around the genital area. In children and adolescents the symptoms could include overt sexual behaviour or language. 3. Emotional/ psychological abuse – this is a type of abuse most difficult to prove.
It any also include forcing someone to watch sexual activities * Emotional/Psychological Abuse: This can include bullying, threatening, devaluing individual self-esteem or conveying feelings of worthlessness, verbal abuse and swearing, imposing inappropriate expectations and exploitation * Financial Abuse includes theft of money or property, not allowing a person access to their finances, mismanagement of an individual’s finances * Institutional Abuse: Examples of this type of abuse are – misuse of authority, failure to maintain professional boundaries, inappropriate use of medication, physical restraint, humiliation or bullying and denying privacy * Self- neglect: Individuals engaging in neglectful or self-harming behaviour for example, neglecting personal hygiene or causing harm to themselves * Neglect: Not caring for the basic needs of individuals including neglectful practice in washing, toileting, feeding and personal care 2.2. Identify the sign and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse * Physical abuse: Changes in behaviour, bruising, bite marks, can lead to death in extreme cases. * Sexual abuse: disturbed behaviour including self-harm, inappropriate sexualised behaviour, repeated urinary infections, depression, loss of self, difficulties forming relationships
When that force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault. The offender is referred to as sexual abuser or molester. Possible indicators of sexual abuse are loss of sleep, unexpected or unexplained change in behaviour, bruising, soreness around the genitals, pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and more. Psychological abuse Psychological abuse, also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse, is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships, bullying, and an abuse in the workplace.