Prime Minsterial and Cabinet Government

1448 Words6 Pages
Is it true to say that we now have Prime Ministerial rather than Cabinet Government? In the following paragraphs I will evaluate and analyse the two contrasting ideologies of Prime Ministerial and Cabinet Government, with specific focus on how Margaret Thatcher, John Major and Tony Blair have run their Cabinets. The traditional system of government in the UK is run by the Cabinet, which is composed of twenty three members, seventeen of which are Ministers, who are known as 'Secretaries of State'. Each Minister has responsibility for one public office, the titles of these positions are; The Prime Minister, Finance Minister, Foreign Minister, Defence Minister, Information Minister, Interior Minister, Education Minister, Environment Minister, Health Minister, Justice Minister, Culture Minister, Agriculture Minster, Transport Minister, Commerce Minister, Energy Minister, Inland Revenue Minister, Public Works Minister, and The Chancellor.1 The Cabinet is the primary decision making body for the executive.2 The Prime Minister heads the Cabinet meetings and has final say concerning policy; The Cabinet can, however, over-rule the Prime Minister by a majority.3 Each Minister should be proficient in knowledge of his/her sector, and have strong leadership skills so as not to be ruled by their Civil Servants.4 Having a Cabinet Government, which is what the UK still claims to have, is a much more democratic process of producing policy, as all the decisions are made by a group of people with a collective of broad and diverse experience and thus ensuring a more proficient final policy. It has been argued though, that we now have Prime Ministerial Government as opposed to Cabinet Government, due to the shift in power towards the Prime Minister over the years from Thatcher to Blair. More important than head of the Cabinet, the Prime Minister is the leader of the
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