Prevention Of Juvenile Justice

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PREVENTION OF JUVENILE 1 Prevention of Juvenile Justice Kimberly Burrows CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice Farrell Binder April 21, 2011 PREVENTION OF JUVENILE 2 Juvenile delinquency has a major impact on society in America today. Juvenile delinquency has been increasing over the years. I will discuss the history of juvenile justice and the varying types of prevention, detailed analysis and interventions designed to prevent juvenile delinquency. I will give a comprehensive list and weighing of alternatives, both pros and cons to the interventions/strategies proposed. I will also give a prediction of how juvenile justice prevention and intervention strategies will be handled over the next 2 decades. “The law has long defined a line between juvenile and adult offenders, but that line has been drawn at different places, for different reasons. Early in United States history, the law was heavily influenced by the common law of England, which governed the American colonies. One of the most important English lawyers of the time was William Blackstone. Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England, first published in the late 1760s, were widely read and admired by our nation’s founders”(The history of, 2008). “Throughout history, there has rarely been an emphasis on the special needs of juveniles. Adults and juveniles who violated the law were typically processed in the same manner and were subject to the same types of punishments, including whippings, mutilations, banishment, torture, and death” (Bartollas, & Miller, 2011). “In the fifth century age seven was determined whether youths would be exempted from criminal responsibility under certain conditions. With the onset of puberty at the age of twelve for girls and fourteen for boys, youth were held totally responsible for their socially unacceptable behaviors” (Bartollas, & Miller, 2011).
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