The article also specified the powers of Congress and gave certain limits to control the power of Congress. For example, Congress cannot make their own money, or declare war (Article 1, Section 8-9). This article shows how the government tried to restrict the power of the Legislative branch. In addition, Article Two sets another branch of government, the Executive branch. This article establishes the office of President and Vice-President and as well as states the power and duties of the President.
OMB vs. CBO POLS210: American Government I, Essay November 25, 2014 The role of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and Congressional Budget Office (CBO) are vastly different but yet overlap in some areas. The primary mission of the OMB is to assist the President in overseeing the preparation of his budget and to manage its administration by the Executive Branch agencies. The CBO’s mission is to provide Congress with objective, timely, non-partisan analyses needed for economic and budget decisions with the information and estimates required for congressional budget process. The OMB is the largest element of the Executive Office of the President. Their job is to report directly to the President and assist in a wide variety of executive departments and agencies across the Federal Government to execute the priorities of the President.
Congress would compose of elected officials from all states, and have the power to propose and pass laws. The second article establishes the role of the President, making him Commander-in-Chief, but limiting most of his power with the caveat that most of his
Whilst there are operating guidelines within which the president must follow, mainly the joint co-ordination and approval of Congress, to construct and enact (Hastedt, p169, 2009) these policies, going to war being the most significant, there are a number of tactics to overcome constitutional restraint. These tactics legally permit the same course of action as heavily censored bills and acts of government but with only the president’s authority necessary for implementation. Executive Agreements carry the weight of a Senate-approved treaty but require only presidential approval. The president can bypass the need for Senate approval and its subsequent influence on policy by appointing Informal Ambassadors to negotiate the same Senatorial tasks. A president can instigate or participate in an Undeclared War by citing the need for humanitarian action.
All military leaders report to and take orders from the president. It is important to note that the president performs this duty as a civilian. Examples of this role include deciding whether to bomb foreign cities or calling out the National Guard to stop a riot. The Chief Diplomat role gives the president the power to conduct unique agreements, commonly known as treaties, with heads of state. He acknowledges foreign governments, and under the advice and consent of the Senate, basically asserts these foreign governments as credible.
The last is the judicial branch. All are separated and have different jobs assignment but comes together to help resolve issues. Thus, the centerpiece of our systems is the doctrine of Separations of Powers that constitutionally assigned duties to the three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial to distinct and have checks and balances on each branch to prevent abuse of power from the government; it is to keep a democracy. The legislative branch internally has its’ own way of balancing powers. As you know the Legislative Branch is broken up into two parts or houses of the federal government of the United States of America consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
They created branches so they can all have control. Another way of creating equal power is a system of checks and balances. The three branches of government each have a way to limit the others powers. The President can check the Legislative Branch by vetoing a law. This means the President can reject a law.
The 55 men at the convention are called the “Founding Fathers” of America or “Framers of the Constitution.” Some of the famous framers are George Washington, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin. The framers worked to frame a constitution that would provide for a strong central government while protecting states’ right/To prevent the federal government from abusing its powers, the framers of the Constitution separated the government into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. This separation of powers prevents any one branch from becoming too powerful. Through a system of separation of power and the system of “checks and balances,” each of these branches has some authority to act on its own and some authority to regulate the other two branches. The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States, consisting of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Popular Sovereignty- a given must. Popular sovereignty is one of the six foundational principles upon which the US Constitution is built and today is important to the citizens of the United States. The other five principles are: limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, and federalism, each of gives the Constitution a basis for authority and legitimacy. The people, limited government, separation of powers and the Bill of Rights and Articles of Confederation influenced the constitution to entail more popular sovereignty in their own unique ways. Popular sovereignty is the idea that the people govern themselves, meaning that the people choose who they would like to be in charge of the country or state as stated in Madison’s report of the Debates in the Federal Convention speech, the members of the first branch of the National Legislature will be elected by the people and that the second branch will then be elected by the members of the first branch.
A presidential system is a system of government where the executive branch is led by a person who serves as both head of state and head of government. That person is usually elected and titled "president", but can also be an unelected monarch. In contrast to parliamentary government, a president normally has a separate source of authority from that of the legislature. This means the executive (president) is accountable to the people directly, not the legislature. Both Margaret Thatcher (1979-1990) and Tony Blair (1997-2007) have been described by some commentators as Prime Ministers who, whilst in office, had presidential-like characteristics.