When Reagan became President he had only one well-defined foreign policy goal: containing the Soviet Union or the "evil empire" as he once referred to it (Reagan 1983). He primarily wanted to stop the USSR from growing larger and to keep other non-Communist countries from becoming Communist. He disliked the decade-long Détente begun by President Nixon and continued by President Ford. Détente is defined as a relaxation of strained relations or tensions between nations, in this case the two nations being the United States and the Soviet Union. Reagan firmly believed that the USSR was using Détente and the SALT talks to take advantage of the United States.
Ronald Reagan Foreign Policy When Reagan became president he began with only one well-defined foreign policy; he wanted to contain the Soviet Union. He wanted to stop them from growing any bigger and wanted to make sure that other countries did not become Communist. He didn’t like how relaxed President Nixon and President Ford had been to try to ease the relationship with the Soviets. He thoroughly believed that the Soviets were taking advantage of how relaxed the United States of America had been. Reagan thought that the United States needed to prepare its military defense systems just in case the Soviets decided to nuke the Americans.
What role did Ronald Reagan play in the ending of the Cold War? Former president Ronald Reagan left as his greatest legacy to the world a role in helping accelerate the end of the Cold War. The global competition between the United States and the Soviet Union, which consumed both nations for 46 years, cost hundreds of billions of dollars and led to building of the most destructive weapons ever known, reached a peak during Reagan's White House days and then expired only a few years after he left office. The reasons for this extraordinary turn of events are larger than Reagan and span events far beyond his presidency. The roots can be found in the stagnation of the Soviet system in the late 1970s and early 1980s and perhaps most importantly in the ascension of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who opened the floodgates of change.Yet the ending might not have happened but for outside pressures, and this is where Reagan's legacy lies.The United States, in the years before and during the Reagan presidency, underwent a revolution in high technology that the Soviets could not match.
“The Case For Democracy” PART 1: Natan Sharansky stated that former president Ronald Reagan and those who supported him, such as: Senator Henry Jackson, were responsible for the collapse of the Soviet Union (page 11). Sharansky had been convinced that millions would still be alive if it weren’t for Reagan and many others. In Sharanskys book, he explained the approach that Reagan used in a very simple matter. He explained that the Soviets relied on the West for many things, such as: legitimacy, economic benefits, technology, and much more. (Page 12) Reagan demanded that the Soviet’s “surrender “ (change their behavior) and without changing these behaviors, they would no longer receive the many benefit they were benefiting from, from the West.
However, most scholars believe that internal issues of the Soviet Union lead to its downfall, with some nudging from the U.S (Roskin & Berry, 2010, p. 93-94). The United States continued to support the Mujahedin as they continued fighting the Afghani Communist government and was able to oust them in 1992. From then on, U.S. policy shifted, and funding to the Afghanis were cut. The U.S also tried to by back their Stinger missiles, to prevent them from getting into terrorist hands (Synovitz, 2005, para. 5).
In order to check the spread the President Used Troops in a little known country in Southeast Asia named South Korea. This fit in with the general idea of facing down communism anywhere around the world (Jervis, 1980). After this flair up of hostilities Truman and both of his successors were able to use the Power of the Presidency to the full extent. Eisenhower Worked mostly behind the scenes but welded the powers and kept the office Strong. Eisenhower’s successor John Kennedy Would Use these Powers to blockade Cuba when soviet missiles were found to be assembled on the
Following a victory over a battle with the French, North Vietnam in 1954, set ways into communism and in turn proceeded to try and reign over the now divided Southern Vietnam. The Soviet Union and china were the biggest supporters for the Northern Vietnam, while the United States was the backing for the Southern. It was at this point President Kennedy sent in Green Berets, to help maintain the democracy in Southern Vietnam. Three United States presidents had continued to back the fight against communism in the world, and to stop it from spreading. Thus, proving we would do whatever it
The Soviets strived for communism, where everyone, at least in principle, had equal shares and no one was above another, while the United states wanted to spread their values of democracy to re-developing countries across the globe. Communism was seen as such a threat to the United States because they believed the Communist Party wanted to spread and take over the entire world and the U.S. insisted that they were a force that must be stopped. The Invasion of the Body Snatchers was a key film, made during this time period that reflected greatly on the themes of the Cold War. In the film the protagonist, Miles, is a once sane, intelligent doctor who has been strung out, by many strange events that indicate an alien invasion is happening into a hysterical man. It starts out with relatives and children accusing loved ones that they’re not really themselves, that they have no emotions.
Also an unforgettable achievement of Reagans was ending the cold war which had been raging all the way back since World War 2 and America’s fear of communisms quest for world domination. He accomplished this by reversing the policy of détente and stood firm against the Soviet Union and giving aid to the rebels battling soviet-backed Marxists from Nicaragua to Angola which was critical in the ultimate collapse of the Soviet empire and ended the cold war. Despite the fact Reagan was excellent at speeches his belief in peace through strength became a realization and in the long run an important achievement. Basically since the military was diminished during the Carter years Reagan had to think of a way to rebuild and strengthen our military. He accomplished this by reviving the B-1 bomber that carter canceled, starting production of the MX missile, and pushing NATO to push Pershing missiles in West Germany.
Because of this believe the United States had to deal with soviets firmly and resist their attempts to spread communist influence globally. He introduce the term “containment” (Foreign affairs Kennan wrote) The long telegram and foreign affairs article essentially produced the cold war paradigm that guide U.S soviet relations until 1991 and the collapse of the soviet union not surprisingly the loss of the mainland China to communism in 1949 and the Korean war the followed