Prescriptive vs- Descriptive Grammar

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Prescriptive and Descriptive Grammar - Comparison Grammar is the Art of using the language properly in its spoken and written forms. When the teaching of the grammar of a language is taken into consideration, there are two different points of looking at it- the prescriptive and the descriptive grammar. Both methods are considered with the rules of the proper grammar usage, but both in a considerably different way. In the linguistics, these two terms have been known for opposing definitions and therefore the rules of the proper language usage that the linguists of the both disciplines advocate. This essay will provide the comparison of those two methods and explain their teachings, as well as provide some examples that outline their differences. In linguistics, prescriptive grammar or prescriptivism serves to prescribe the regular rules of the grammar usage. It studies the aspects of the language such as spelling, pronunciation, syntax and register. The aim of this linguistic approach is to specify the language forms and prescribe the rules of the grammar usage according to the standard that has been established by the linguists. The main practice of the patrons of this approach is formulating a single standard form of the language that should be used by all speakers. They also tend to claim that not following the rules that are prescribed by the prescriptive grammar means generating the language incorrectly. Some rules of the prescriptive grammar include the ones like ‘Do not split the infinitives’, ‘Do not use double negations’ or ‘Do not end a sentence with a preposition’. These rules can be rather helpful for the learners of the second language who cannot encounter that language very often and who do not live in a surrounding where that language is spoken. The rules prescribed by the linguists of the prescriptive grammar help the learners use the language
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