Prescripion Drugs Essay

2387 WordsMay 7, 201210 Pages
The first written mention of opiates is believed to have come from third-century B.C. Greek culture and the writings of philosopher Theopphrastus. By this time, people had discovered that drying the poppy plant's extracted fluid created a highly powerful drug which would become known as opium. The first opiates are believed to have been cultivated during the Neolithic period in what is now known as Switzerland. The settlements in this area cultivated Papaver which was a source of poppy seeds. Many historians agree that these early individuals discovered the narcotic effect of the poppy plant and therefore were the first users of opiates. (Darylmpyl, 2006) Opiate analgesics have been used by humans for thousands of years and are the longest continuously used class of medications. The word narcotic has its origin from the Greek word for stupor. It is regarded as the type of substances that numbs the senses and thus the pain is relieved. With the passage of time the term has developed a number of senses. Narcotics is defined as the term that binds the opiate receptors or any illicit substance. If we look into the legal context then narcotic refers to opium and it’s derivatives as well as semi-synthetic substitutes of opium. In the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Coca leaves and cocaine are categorized as narcotics. Source for non-synthetic narcotics is poppy Papaver somniferum. Since the time of it’s growth before 5000B.C in the Mediterranean region it has been cultivated in several countries. In order to produce opium the milky liquid that oozes from slits in the unripe seedpod of poppy is scrapped by hand and then dried in the air. This process continued from the ancient times. However, the modern technique of harvesting is by making use of the industrial poppy straw procedure of taking out the alkaloids from the plants that are matured. This extract may be in solid,

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