Prelude To Civil War Dbq Analysis

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A.P. U.S. History Dr. Parsons 12/13/11 DBQ—1987 “1850’s: Prelude to Civil War “ Assess the validity of the following statement: “…By the 1850s the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it had created.” 1. Doc A: Map of 1850 Compromise Evidence: (a.) California is a free state b. Balance of slave and free shifting to free c. Utah and New Mexico territory open to slave or free under popular sovereignty Inference: (a.) Rush to territories open to popular sovereignty will lead to Conflicts between free and slave supporters…show more content…
Constitution recognizes existence of slavery b. New territories gained with wealth and force of all states and rewards should benefit all states. c. Southerners property is constitutionally protected and the North is acting unconstitutionally to prohibit slaves, as property, from being taken to the new territories. d. Calling for return of escaped slaves Inference a. Tyranny of majority is being applied against the South and should stop. b. Union is in peril if the Constitution does not protect property of southerners 3. Doc C.: Public Flyer advising colored people to avoid talking with police. Evidence a. Warnings to escaped slaves to avoid slave catchers and the lawmen. Inference a. Compromise of 1850 contained the Fugitive Slave Act and it has increased conflict and animosities between slave owners and their slave catchers with the abolitionist in the north. b. Slaves were successfully escaping through the Underground Railroad. 4. Doc D: “ Ralph Waldo Emerson address on the Fugitive Slave Law

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