Preliminary Essay

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Kristi Batchelor PSY 202-VanEvery Spring 2012 March 26, 2012 Freud’s Model of Personality According to Sigmund Freud’s theory of personality, personality is composed of three elements. These three elements of personality--known as the id, the ego and the superego--work together to create the behavior of human beings. Many aspects of this model are agreed upon by fellow psychologists, but these same professionals could agree that certain aspects are questionable, to say the least. The id is the only component of personality that is present from birth. This aspect of personality is entirely unconscious. According to Freud, the id is the source of all psychic energy, making it the primary component of personality. The id is driven by the pleasure principle, which strives for immediate gratification of all desires, wants, and needs. If these needs are not satisfied immediately, the individual undergoes a state of anxiety or tension. For example, when a person feels an increase of hunger or thirst, the response would be an attempt to satisfy this need right away. The id is very important early in life, because it makes sure that an infant's needs are met. If the infant is hungry or uncomfortable, they will cry until they’re needs are met. The ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. The ego functions in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind. The ego operates based on the reality principle, which strives to satisfy the id's desires in realistic and socially appropriate ways. The reality principle weighs the costs and benefits of an action before deciding to act upon or abandon impulses. In many cases, the id's impulses can be satisfied through a

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