The main concept behind these explications is that different races are faced with their own unique types of strains. These types of strains are economic, family related, educational, communal, and discriminatory. All of these strains have some level of interconnectivity with one another that can lead to people committing criminal acts. The reading mainly focuses on the African American and White racial groups. Even though all of these strains have an influence on the racial differences in crime, I believe that the community contributes a lot to these differences.
Because women are sometimes stereotyped as the weaker sex, they become disadvantaged and don’t share many of the privileges men are given. This is why feminism is such an important matter today. Feminism is a broad social movement that strives for equality for women and seeks to end of sexism in all forms (Topics in Feminism). However, negative attitudes toward feminism have continued to exist. Feminists are often stereotyped as angry, man-hating, unattractive women who scream absurdly about their political views.
The only difference is that instead of unconsciously showing off some negative views on a specific race, symbolic racism is characterized by outwardly acting unprejudiced while inwardly maintaining prejudiced attitudes. In other words, people who practice symbolic racism would have the ability of distinguishing racial discriminations and would usually tend to avoid phanic circumstances of showing their prejudice toward a certain race, yet they would display subtle prejudiced behaviors in cases not easily discovered. This type of unconspicuous racism has been shown some serious implications on decision making in employment, in legal decisions and in helping behavior. For instance, in 2015, an American-born Indian student named Vijay Chokal-Ingram faced the time of his life to apply for med school. As a mediocre student with average GPA, Vijay still wanted to go to an upscale medical school to pursue his dreams, but due to his middling grades, he was rejected by most of the schools that he applied for.
3) How might it affect the offending person or institution? This situation could affect Cher in many ways however I feel it would have the biggest effect on her reputation. Entertainers rely on their reputation and to be thought a racist could surely damage her career. 4) How do situations like this affect society as a whole? Situations like this of course can only have a negative effect on all of society.
She re-defines it as being misleading. She states that normally we define “privilege” as being a favored state, either earned or with luck, being born privileged. McIntosh explores the interlocking of hierarchies and determines that they are both active parties in oppression, because it is imbedded in both. The dominant race are imbedded in believing that there is equality, and that racism comes in forms of actual intent of harming and being mean to other not included in the dominant category. The non-dominant of the races are led to be “unconfident, uncomfortable, and alienated.” This is what the different social classes are brought up to
Since we treat their culture poorly, their identity suffers. Dumas and Anzaldua struggled a lot when trying to cohere with societies expectations. They felt they needed to accommodate everyone’s desires; at some point they realized that their culture is of further significance than the pressure to impress people. Dumas and Anzalduas’ Identity was defined by their culture. In the Document the “F Word” by Firoozeh Dumas, she describes her frustration of Americans judging her culture, which in turn scrutinizes who she is as a person.
Cohen explains how the use of folk devils create a ‘moral panic’ where now society becomes frightened by these ‘folk devils’ and label male individuals according to this stereotype, thus resulting in different treatment. This causes deviancy amplification where the more males are portrayed as deviant individuals, the more deviant behaviour they carry out as it is expected of them anyway and there is a self fulfilling prophecy: ‘living out their label’ as proposed by Becker. In addition the chivalry thesis comes into play as females are therefore seen as ‘not as bad’ in society, including by the police, so if they were to carry out criminal activity the criminal justice system may be more lenient towards them as they have no stigma attached. This reinforces the assumption that male’s are the ‘folk devils’ as it would therefore reveal men to have higher crime statistic rates. For example according to the ministry of justice (2009) it has been found that women are more likely to receive a caution than prosecution: the figure for females was 49% in 2007 compared to the male caution figure of 30%.
The malicious acts committed by Malcolm X reflect the idea that people ignore truth to conform to society. Known for having strong opinions, Malcolm X seems to be an unlikely victim of blind conformity. However, as shown in his essay, “My First Conk”, Malcolm X was victimized by this need to conform. Changing to look or behave like another because it is more desired by the public is due to a disregarding of self-claimed morals and values, an over emphasis of the media and outside opinions, and an insecurity. In “My First Conk”, Malcolm X assured that black people were being brainwashed to believe that they actually were inferior to white people, thus they conked their hair; which was a hair straightener gel made from lye popular among African-American men from the 1920s to the 1960s.
Individuals have the most negative category-based responses to the groups that they do not personally belong (outgroups) and usually have more positive views on one’s own group (ingroup). Stereotyping involves attaching to a person, one’s cognitive expectancies and associations regarding the group. They are basically beliefs about the characteristics of group members and theories about why those qualities go together. They are set ideas that go together with a category, acting to justify our affective and behavioral reactions to the category. The reason I’m discussing category-based responses, beliefs regarding characteristics of group members, and set ideas is because they all influence our tendency to stereotype.
‘Making a Nation out of Words’ Words may seem nondescript but they actually shape the thinking of generations, cultures and in turn nations. Reiteration of such rhetoric phrases which are non-committal for its users, however; they have immense negative connotations for the people they are intended for. Pakistan being a male dominated society regards females as subordinate and an inferior . This gender bias reflects in our use of language. “Hum ne choorian toh nahi pehni Hui” (We are not wearing bangles) is one such commonly used phrase which completely represents the idea of femininity being regarded as an abuse in the society particularly in the political community.